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Finding Aid - Smallpox Epidemic


10024 Henry A. Boller
The Henry A. Boller Papers contain letters to and from his family. Along with the letters, the papers contain his diary that he kept while at Fort Atkinson and surrounding areas, which includes entries about the smallpox epidemic. There is also a lexicon with translations of Native American languages.

10422 Francis A. Chardon
Francis Chardon's jounrnal is about the his time at Fort Clark.  In the journal he described his relations with the Native Americans, the trading system, and the smallpox epidemic that wiped out the Mandan. Chardon kept track of the number of Mandan who died from smallpox. The journal provides a look at how the relationship with the Native Americans changed after the smallpox arrived on the St. Peters

10826 Charles Larpenteur
Charles Larpenteur maintained a journal while he worked at Fort Union in the years 1834-1837.


Dunn, Adrian R. "A History of Old Fort Berthold." North Dakota History, October 1963:157-173.
This article describes the area of Fort Berthold before it was a reservation. The fur trade and the Native American tribes that influenced the area are written about in the article. The article's chapters contain information about Fort Berthold, smallpox, Manuel Lisa and other fur traders, and the decline in Native American population.


Finding Aids on Intercultural Interaction in North Dakota:

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