10148 Paul Ewald
In the Paul Ewald Collection, there are maps and photos of Fort Manuel in South Dakota. Fort Manuel was Manuel Lisa's fort around 1812.
10691 Roy Johnson and Louis Pfaller
In the Roy Johnson and Louis Pfaller Collection, there is research on Fort Manuel and Manuel Lisa.
Rowe, David C. "Goverment Relations with the Fur Trappers of the Upper Missouri - 1820-1840." North Dakota History, Spring 1968: 481-505.
Rowe's article outlines the problems between the fur traders and the goverment after the War of 1812. Manuel Lisa tried to help the government by mending the relationship with many Native American tribes during this time.
Dunn, Adrian R. "A History of Old Fort Berthold." North Dakota History, October 1963:157-173.
This article describes the area of Fort Berthold before it was a reservation. The fur trade and the Native American tribes that influenced the area are written about in the article. The article's chapters contain information about Fort Berthold, smallpox, Manuel Lisa and other fur traders, and the decline in Native American population.
Mattison, Ray H. "Fort Union: Its Role in the Upper Missouri Fur Trade." North Dakota History, Winter 1962: 180-208.
This article outlines the importance of Fort Union and the convenience of a fur trading post at the confluence of the Yellowstone and Missouri Rivers. The various fur traders and companies that served Fort Union are reviewed in this article.
Finding Aids on Fur Traders of the Upper Missouri River:
612 East Boulevard Ave.
Bismarck, North Dakota 58505
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State Archives: 8am - 4:30pm., M-F, except legal holidays, and 2nd Sat. of each month, 10am - 4:30 pm.
State Historical Society offices: 8am - 5pm M-F, except legal holidays.
phone: (701) 328-2666
fax: (701) 328-3710