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EXPERIMENTAL CREAMERY

A minor element of the 1919 Nonpartisan League reform of state government, the State Experimental Creamery was created "to promote the development of the dairy industry of the state, especially through the manufacturing and marketing of dairy products" (S. L. 1919, Ch. 149). Under the supervision of the Commissioner of Agriculture and Labor, the State Experimental Creamery leased creamery operations and conducted tests on cream and butter processing and marketing techniques. Branch experimental creameries were established in Werner, Dunn Center, and Killdeer.

The law creating the State Experimental Creamery required creameries, and cheese, ice cream, and butter factories to report to the Commissioner of Agriculture and Labor the volume of butter produced or received quarterly. Creameries and other dairy product producers were assessed fifty cents for every one thousand pounds of butterfat produced or received. The assessed funds were collected by the Commissioner of Agriculture and Labor, deposited in the State Experimental Creamery Fund, and used to defray the cost of operating the experimental creameries.

Much controversy surrounded operations of the State Experimental Creamery. In actual operation from June 1, 1920, to December 31, 1921, the State Experimental Creamery lost considerable money. Operations of the State Experimental Creamery were suspended early in 1922 and the agency was repealed in 1923 (S. L. 1923, Ch. 197).

CHRONOLOGY

1919                       State Legislature creates the State Experimental Creamery.

1920-1921            Creamery operates from June 1, 1920 to December 31, 1921.

1923                       State Legislature repeals the law and operations cease.

SERIES

31034                    Correspondence
31035                    Daily Cream Reports
31036                    Butterfat Reports
30063                    Purchase Ledger
31037                    Financial Records

SOURCE

Gray, David P.  Guide to the North Dakota State Archives, 1985.

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