Title: Hans J. Jung Papers
Collection Number: 10871
Quantity: 1 foot
Abstract: Papers consist of correspondence from friends and family of Jung, photographs, newspaper clippings, working papers, and copies of the Bismarck Echo, the newspaper of the Fort Lincoln POW internment camp. Some items have been marked by censors. Issues of the Bismarck Echo also available on CD-ROM as part of this collection. Jung was a German national held first at Camp Forrest in Tennessee, and then at Fort Lincoln, near Bismarck during World War II.
Provenance: The collection was donated by Father Denis Fournier (acting for Assumption Abbey, Richardton, ND) on November 16, 2002. The collection was processed by Lotte Bailey in 2002, summaries and sketches were completed by J. Beltran in 2002 and 2003.
Property Rights: The State Historical Society of North Dakota owns the property rights to this collection.
Copyrights: Copyrights to materials in this collection remain with the donor, publisher, author, or author's heirs. Researcher should consult the 1976 Copyright Act, Public Law 94‑553, Title 17 U.S. Code and an archivist at this repository if clarification of copyright requirements is needed.
Access: This collection is open under the rules and regulations of the State Historical Society of North Dakota.
Citation: Researchers are requested to cite the collection title, collection number, and the State Historical Society of North Dakota in all footnote and bibliographic references.
JUNG CORRESPONDENCE SUMMARY
Compiled by J. Beltran, January 12, 2003
Hans Jung, a German national, was an alien internee at Camp Forrest, TN, and later Bismarck, ND, during World War II. He carried on an extensive correspondence with friends and family while he was interned. The letters that were written to him show him to have been a leader who developed various educational and leisure activities at the camps. He also seemed to be an intellectual who inspired others, for example, PFC Herbert H. Quell, a former internee. Eventually Quell was released from the camp, owing to his dual citizenship, and joined the U.S. Army. Jung had inspired him to study, and Quell wrote details of his current studies to his former teacher.
Jung developed language classes and studied and read world literature, music history, art history, chemistry, and physics. He organized theatrical productions and athletic activities. Evidently, toward the end of the war Jung became depressed and worried about what his life would be after the war. His friends tried to encourage him in their letters.
Not only is there a good deal of information about Jung’s life as an internee in the correspondence, but American civilian life is also detailed. Jung’s family and friends were American citizens who worked, traveled, celebrated family events, and coped with wartime situations such as rationing. They described much of these situations to him in their letters. They were probably American citizens because they did not describe living under any restrictions. His brother, Bill, for example, had changed his name from Jung to Young.
Letters from family and friends show how close knit family and friends were in this New Jersey community. Jung also received letters from three women in Minnesota and Arkansas who were related and who seemed to know him when they lived in Brooklyn, NY.
Some letters are written in languages other than English. Several of the letters are in German. They may be from other internees or from German-American friends. There are several references to the European situation; some correspondents wrote to friends or family in Germany via Switzerland and relayed information to Jung. One letter, in Spanish, concerns an official complaint about Jung’s situation as an “Internee of War.”
NAMES IN JUNG LETTERS
Compiled by J. Beltran January 12, 2003
Name Folder # Relationship to Jung Location
Citizens Protective League 1
Ehler, Hans 1 businessman Peru
Ehler, John 1
Westhoff, Ferdinand 1 member of Citizens Protective League?
Uncle John (Ehler?) 1
Ratzmer, Anna 2 sister, a beautician Irvington, NJ
Ratzmer, Charlie 2 brother-in-law, owner of delicatessen Irvington, NJ
Larson, Gerry 2 friend, physiotherapist, treats crippled children (see Folder 20) Little Rock, AR, later 1200 Laurel St., Pine Bluff, AR
Haeger, Jerry 2 beautician with Anna Ratzmer; husband is interned Irvington, NJ
Margie 2 beautician with Anna Ratzmer Irvington, NJ
Johnny 2 butcher Irvington, NJ
Koshier, Mrs. 2 neighbor Irvington, NJ
Hubers, Mrs. 2 neighbor Irvington, NJ
Wuest, Mrs. 2 neighbor Irvington, NJ
Betty 2 bakery employee ? Irvington, NJ
Eddy 2 bank employee Irvington, NJ
Jane 2 beautician ? Irvington, NJ
Emil’s wife 2
Emil’s granddaughter 2 8 months old
Frank’s wife 2
Jo Young 2 Hans’ sister-in-law
Billy 2 Jo and Bill’s son
Freddy 2 Bill’s son
Rosie & Fred Ulrich 2 See Folder 30 Hopebrook Heights, NJ
Mrs. Greason 2
Mrs. Greason’s son 2
Raymond 2 Hans’ nephew in high school; is a handyman for Charlie; then worked in a dairy in Union, NJ
Mary Lou 2
George 2 teaches in Linden High School
Gunther 2 Hans’ friend in the internment camp
Koh family 2 neighbors
Hofmann family 2
Jamy (sp) Hoesel 2 neighbor
Mrs. Pfeffer 2 neighbor
Ina Beatson 2 corporal (in U.S. armed forces?) Scotland
Mrs. Williams 2 neighbor
Thelma 2 related to Mrs. Williams
Mrs. Williams’ brother 2
Bird 2 a woman friend of Hans Minnesota
Rosiken & husband 2 neighbors
Kathie & husband 2 neighbors
Bill Bichel 2 Charlie’s brother-in-law? and father of Freddy, Billy, & Raymond
Rosa Bichel and Grandma 2
Rosa Darybark (sp) 2
Rinderers 2 neighbors
Inge Swanstrom 2
Frank Fuller 2
Aunt Malken 2 321 E. 200th St., Bronx, NY
Youngs 2 Hans’ brother and family: Fred, Jo, Raymond, Billy; See Folder 28.
Kurt Biederbeck 3 internee Crystal City, TX
L. Gleibring 4 San Francisco, CA
Rudolph Fischer 6
Herbert H. Quell 7 internee, released, PFC in U.S. Army Nashville, TN
Rev. Joseph Cashen 8 rector, Cathedral of Our Lady of the Rosary Duluth, MN
Dave, Ruth’s younger son 9
Teddy, Ruth’s son in 1st grade 9
Bert, Ruth’s husband 9
“mother” Ruth’s or Bert’s mother 9
Dr. D.F. Fleming 10 Nashville, TN
Russell Wolfe 11 Camp Forrest, TN
Morris E. Miller, 2nd Lt., AUS, Asst. Adjutant 11
Elsa S. 12 administrator, Community War Chest Bloomfield, NJ
Bob Donaldson 12 Prudential insurance salesman 39 Elmwood Road, Wellesley, MA
Helen Donaldson (Mrs. Bob) 12
Donaldson boys 12 in school
R.H. Macy & Co., NY 13
Charlotte Anne Emry 15
Donat 15 Charlotte’s husband or friend
Beats 16 Hans’ friend who visited him in Bismarck with her niece (?) Bird and her sister (?) Gerry; teaches in Duluth, MN Mora, MN; had a house at 8 Pierrepont, Brooklyn, NY
O. Eger & family 17 Crystal City, TX
Hoffman & Fischer 19 War Prisoners’ Aid of the YMCA Geneva, Switzerland
Rev. Henry L. Hoffman 19 formerly at or visiting Bismarck camp
H.K. von Maltitz 20 Gerry’s friend 1335 N. Dearborn, Chicago, IL
Mr. McCay 20 administrator at Bismarck camp Bismarck, ND
Mrs. Trotter 20 Gerry’s private patient Pine Bluff, AR
Herbert Shroeder 21 Box 303 Welch Bldg., Spokane, WA
Miss Knutson 22 Erich Hannan’s friend
Erich Hannan 22
Mr. & Mrs. M.D. Matthews 22 Steele, ND
Mrs. Becker 22 Brooklyn, NY
Miss Rasch 22
Mr. Siegel 22 an internee?
Mr. Koch 22
Mr. Broderson 22 internee
J.T. Juhl 23 Troy, MT
Dr. E.A.P. Alberti 24 Acapulco, Guerrero, Mexico
Mr. & (Mrs. Jean) Poretti 26 neighbors, Irvington, NJ
Bill Young 28 Hans Jung’s brother, Americanized name, Union, NJ
Helen Rindeler 28 friend of Bill Young
Bill Rindeler 28 Helen’s son in the Army
Henrietta Schumacher 28 going with Bill Rindeler
Rudi Rinderer (sp) 28 in the service
August Nambahr 29 Spokane, WA
Mrs. Oma Fleckenstern 30
31 in German–writer is at St. Alexius Hospital, Bismarck, ND
J.W. Guenther 33 in German 4629 Kensington Ave., Richmond, VA
Margie 34 Bob, her husband, is in a nearby camp. They vacationed in Springfield, MA, and visited her brother-in-law who is stationed at a camp near there. Newark, NJ
INTERNMENT CAMP PAPER: BISMARCK ECHO
Compiled by J. Beltran, November 18, 2002
The Bismarck Echo was the weekly newspaper written and published by German enemy aliens interned at Fort Lincoln, Bismarck, North Dakota, during World War II. The material in this collection dates from August 1943 to September 1945, but most of the entries were written during 1944 and 1945.
Residents of Fort Lincoln internment camp were alien men whose native countries, Germany and Japan, were at war with the United States. This collection concerns the Germans; only one reference is about the Japanese at the camp.
The German internees had entered the United States legally before the war in order to work. After war was declared, those who had not applied for citizenship or who had overstayed their permits were arrested because the administration believed that they might be a threat to the country’s security. Once arrested, they were collected into centers such as Ellis Island and later dispersed among various internment camps through the country. Fort Lincoln was one of these.
Although within the city limits of Bismarck, Fort Lincoln was actually a few miles south of the city, not far from the state penitentiary. Internees could not leave the camp; therefore, they looked for ways to pass the time. One of these was for some to establish the Bismarck Echo.
Most of the items that were submitted to the Bismarck Echo were collected from a variety of sources and reprinted. Those from newspapers and magazines concerned current events. The publications included New York Times, Publishers’ Weekly, Deutsche Zeitung, Russiya’, Time, Life, Aufbau, Staatszeitung, Chicago Tribune, America, Collier’s, New York Daily News, and Newsweek. There were also commentaries identified by author but not source, for example, “The truth about Pearl Harbor” by John T. Flynn; broadcasts; lectures; historical essays; excerpts from John Steinbeck’s The Grapes of Wrath; and the incomplete texts of speeches given at a ceremony welcoming Japanese internees.
Also submitted were letters from relatives in Germany that were probably sent through Switzerland; letters from internees in other American camps; sports news from Germany; and complaints by camp residents regarding the security of Red Cross packages that had been sent from Argentina.
The copy was in two languages, English and German. Most of the material was in English, about a dozen items were in German. Approximately a third of the German language items had been translated into English, but most of the English items were not translated into German.
All items were submitted to the censor who reviewed each issue. The censor either accepted individual items with a checkmark or no comment or censored them with a large cross over the text and often the word “out” in the margin. The censor annotated a few items if the decision could be changed with further information. About thirty items were not allowed to be included, and three were partially censored. Censored topics included attempts to refute stories about concentration camp conditions that the Allies found when they liberated the camps; anti-United Nations essays; articles on European anti-Semitism; excerpts from The Grapes of Wrath; an anti-USSR article; results of Allied bombing of German cities; Franklin D. Roosevelt’s health published three months after his death; a detailed description of the way internees were transported from Ellis Island to Bismarck; and three articles from the Chicago Tribune, Joseph Medill McCormick’s anti-administration, anti-British newspaper. However, news about Nazi u-boats and the capture of Americans aboard the SS Gripsholm, a neutral Swedish merchant ship, were printed.
Included in each week’s issue were items that provide some idea of camp life. They included the twice weekly movie titles, camp sports announcements, the supply room schedule, library announcements, announcements of concerts on phonograph records, camp zoo notes, the choir, the barbershop, and lectures.
INTERNMENT CAMP PAPER: BISMARCK ECHO
Date Accepted Language Content
12.1943 x English Unsigned letter to “Dear brother” with family news from Germany
2.1944 x English “A comparison”: description of transportation of enemy aliens from Ellis Island to Bismarck
8.27.1944 x German “Halbe Ration fuer streikende Gefangaene” ‘half beer ration causes prisoners’ strike’ from Stockton, CA
8.10.1944 x English 11 million Post-war plans: Released German civilian internees will not find work in postwar U.S. because American veterans will have them.
10.22.1944 x English The Second 30-Years’ War: Parallels dismemberment of the Reich by the Treaty of Westphalia, 1648, with coming results of WWII.
12.10.1944 x English Article in Publishers’ Weekly, no. 26, Dec. 1944, “Center of Free-German Literature” by Friedrich Kraus. Center provides anti-Nazi German books to POW camps in U.S.
12.10.1944 x English “Berlin reports new line stronger than Westwall” in a propaganda broadcast.
12.10.1944 x English From Stockholm: “Nazis announce ‘V-3' for New York.
12.10.1944 x English “V-2 blasts and shakes England”
1.30.1944 x English From Milwaukee, WI Deutsche Zeitung: “A new reason for divorce”
2.6.1945, 2.18.1945 x English “Tanks and Weapons” by Hanson Baldwin in New York Times: American armament
2.18.1945 x German “Befrei das russische Volk!” ‘Liberate the Russian people’ from Russian newspaper Russiya’ in New York
2.5.1945, 2.18.1945 x English In Time, “Russia”
n.d. x English “Letters from ‘our dough-boys’”
1.11.1944 x English “Russia’s boundary with Poland,” a broadcast by Dr. F. Fleming
11.5.1944 x English “Darmstadt and Frankfort devastated” in Life
2.6.1945 x English “Features for Our Study” in New York Times compares German and American armament.
4.1944 x German “Feindlicher Auslander wider Willen” ‘Enemy foreigner against one’s will’ from Bismarck
2.16.1945 x German “Rettung aus Theresienstadt” ‘Rescue out of Theresienstadt’ Jews leaving a concentration camp?? from Aufbau
2.16.1945 x German “Wege der Rettung” by Kurt R. Grossman ‘Because of the rescue’
2.16.1945 x German “Entlassene Juden aus Bergen-Belsen, Liebenau und Laufen” from Aufbau ‘Jews released from Bergen-Belsen, Liebenau and Laufen’ [concentration camps]
4.4.1945 x English “The World’s Reformers”: President Franklin D. Roosevelt’s report on the Yalta Conference
2.17.1945 x English “Malta - Yalta” in the Cotton Trade Journal, a joke about the Yalta Conference.
2.28.1944 x English “From other camps,” letter from Paul R. de Gaston, Kenedy, TX
1944 censored English “The new Germany and the returning emigrant,” lecture by W. Rogge on 8.5.
3.23.1944 x English Letter from “your niece Margret,” Muenster, titled “From Germany”
n.d. x English “Careers in navigation”
n.d. x English “Report concerning the art-exhibition held in the Art-School, Fort Lincoln” No text
n.d. ? English “The truth about Pearl Harbor” by John T. Flynn
4.26.1945 x English “Letter from Richmond”
4.24.1945 x English “German officers who celebrated Hitler [‘s birthday] were disciplined” in a report from Omaha, NE
4.26.1945 x English “Foe claims carrier hit,” from NY Times that the German High Command announced a U-boat had torpedoed a British aircraft carrier.
3.14.1945 x English Movie list: Flesh and Fantasy and Frontier Bad Man
2.23.1945 x English “Return Gripsholm,” a continued story in NY Times about American crewmen on a Swedish merchant ship released from German prison camp and returned to U.S.
2.2_.1945 censored English “U-Boat bag up, February sinkings total 333" from London
n.d. ? English “in God’s own country” appears to be a German view of American homelife
6.15.1945 ? German “Vergiftetes Europa” from Aufbau. ‘contaminating Europe’: about antisemitism
6.24.1945 censored English “Horror tales”: refuting recent stories about Nazi camps
8.16.1943 x English “How strong is Japan?”
7.8.1945 ? English Russian churches in North America
7.2.1945 ? English “Notice from New York Staatszeitung” : deportation of Germans from U.S.
n.d. ? English “Change in payment of prisoners of war”
n.d. censored English “Christian love”: anti-United Nations
n.d. ? German “Grauelmaerchen” ‘horror stories’: German version of “Horror tales” above.
n.d. ? German “Christliche Liebe”: German version of “Christian love” above.
n.d. ? German “Hindenburg und Deutschland” ‘Hindenburg [German chancellor before Hitler] and Germany’
7.11.1945 censored English “Roosevelt’s Health” from Orborne Mitchell, Youngstown, Ohio
n.d censored English “What do we want? (Some questions about Germany’s future)”
7.29.1945 ? English “Usual list of departures,...Movies,...Sports-events,...Book review...Camp-Zoo. No text.
7.29.1945 ? English Exchange of letters between spokesman and General Attorney [Attorney General] of North Dakota re: deportation cases & between spokesman and Lutheran minister Pastor G. E. Mundinger. No text.
7.20.1945 x English NY Times report. No text.
n.d. ? English “Birthdays of German philosophers and poets” No text.
7.29.1945 censored English “Hindenburg and Germany” English version of above.
7.29.1945 ? English “Poem of Theodor Fontane about tomb of Bismarck” No text.
7.17 ? English “Letter from Richmond, VA” from I.W. Guenther
7.29.1945 censored English “Poem by internee Christian Ehmann, ‘In God’s loving hand’” No text.
8.2.1945 x English “Program of recorded music” Tchaikovsky. No text.
7.30.1945 x English Supply room schedule announcement. No text.
7.22.1945 x English “War prisoners earn their living”
7.22.1945 x English Movie list and other entertainment list. No text.
n.d. censored English Report from Chicago Tribune, 5.29 about tension between U.S. and USSR.
9.22.1945 censored English “Sedition Trial attorney sues Biddle and four” from Chicago Tribune by Willism Strandm [sp?]
9.17.1945 censored English “British told of Boer war prison camp horrors” in Chicago Tribune.
6.6.1945 x English Movie list No text
n.d. censored English “New arrivals and departures of internees” No text.
6.3.1945 censored English “Our best friend” [Francis Biddle, U.S. Attorney General]
6.3.45 x English “Library” No text
6.3.1945 x English “Ideas of Peace (continued): Declaration of the Steuben Society”
6.26.1945 x English Movie list list: Laddie and Mexican Spitfire Out West No text
6.24.1945 x English “Arrivals and departures...” No text.
6.24.1945 x English “Letter from Officer in Charge regarding mail to Germany” No text
6.24.1945 x English “From Germany (“Stamp Magazine”)”
6.14.1945 x English “Shipping Losses of Allied Nations”: official list in NY Times. No text.
6.24.1945 censored English “Poisoned Europe,” English version of “Vergiftetes Europa” above.
6.24.1945 censored English “An appeal of UNRRA for the Italian people” [UNRRA = United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration]
7.8.1945 x English Movie list: There Goes My Heart and Palooka. No text.
7.8.1945 x English List of entertainment events for the week. No text.
7.8.1945 x English German poets and musicians’ birthdays with notes. No text.
7.8.1945 x English “[Abraham] Lincoln and [Otto von] Bismarck”
7.8.1945 censored English “Church here cuts Russ tie”
7.15.1945 x English Movie list: No text.
7.15.1945 x English List of entertainment events for the week. No text.
7.15.1945 censored English “Excerpts from Grapes of Wrath, American ‘best-seller’ by John Steinbeck”
7.15.1945 x English Excerpts from The Culture of the Renaissance and Historic View-points by J. Burckhardt
7.15.1945 x English “Current events from Latin-America (as usual)” No text
7.4.1945 x English “U.S. keeps axis property” from America
7.15.1945 x English “Coal-shortage in Europe becomes utmost crit...”
7.15.1945 x English Report of camp committee’s last session. No text
7.15.1945 x English “Lincoln Zoo, report of animal life in camp” No text.
7.21.1945 ? German “Was wollen wir?” ‘What do we want?’ German version. See earlier item above.
n.d. censored English “Russia’s Boundary With Poland” from a broadcast by Dr. D.F. Fleming
n.d. ? English “German Prisoners of War” condensed from Life
1.1944 x English “New Year 1944
1.1944 x English “Ice hockey”
1.1944 x English “Our male choir”
1.1944 x English “Friedrich Silcher (1789-1860)” a German composer
7.23.1944 x, except for one paragraph English “Our Problems”
7.23.1944 x English “Repatriation”
7.23.1944 x English “Grimm Alfalfa”
2.1944 x English “Sports letter No. 2"
8.27.1944 x English “Red Cross packages”
8.27.1944 x, except for intermittent items English “Musical Event”
10.8.1944 x English “Costa Rica Deports 9 Germans”
10.8.1944 x English “Two Gripsholm Seamen Seized”
10.8.1944 x English “How Heydrich died (continued)”
10.22.1944 x English “3rd Sports Letter from Germany (continued)”
10.22.1944 x English “The New Supply Room”
12.10.1944 x English “Something about the Planets”
12.4.1944 x English “Nothing quite like these” from NY Times
n.d. censored English List of recipients of Bismarck Echo outside Fort Lincoln
n.d. x English “Camp Library”
n.d. x English “Bismarck School”
n.d. x English “Projector”
1.13.1944 x English “From other camps” letter from Kurt Biederbeck at Crystal City, TX
2.18.1945 x English “Football
2.18.1945 x English “Union of German Ingeneers” from Verein Deutscher Ingenieure
2.18.45 x English Movie list: Tales of Manhattan and Hidden Gold
2.10.1945 x English “Repatriates to return” from NY Times
2.18.1945 censored English “Liberate the Russian People!” English version of item above ‘Befrei das russische Volk!’
2.5.1945 censored English “Russia” from Time
2.18.45 x English “Concert”
10.30.1944 x English “Letter from Germany”
10.22.1944 x English “Letter from Germany”
n.d. x German “Den Italienern geht...” ‘The Italians went...”
n.d. censored German “Ein Vergleich” ‘A comparison” German version of item above
7.30.1944 x English “From Germany” letter from Vienna
7.30.1944 x English “Sports letter No. 2 (Continued)” from Heinz Richert
7.30.1944 censored English “A change for the better”
7.14.1944 x English “From other camps,” Ellis Island, Hermann Joschawitz
7.30.1944 x English “Back here”
7.30.1944 x English “From Switzerland”
n.d. x with some items censored English Speeches by spokesman for German internees, Gerhard Sprenger, and spokesman [for Japanese internees], Mr. Kawata, and Welcome Speech by Dr. Jung [incomplete]; “Then and Now”; Commemoration of the First Issue”
1.14.1945 x English “Argentine Affairs”
1.14.1945 x English “Choir”
1.14.1945 x English “Exchange in Switzerland” more on the Gripsholm
1.14.1945 x English “End of term”
1.14.1945 censored English “The German Blow.I” by Hanson W. Baldwin
1.14.1945 x English “Germans claim new U-boat”
1.14.1945 x English “Hitler decorates German Ace”
1.14.1945 x English “Mrs. Luce [Clare Booth Luce] tells of Italy’s Plight” in NY Times
10.1.1944 x English “Excerpts of Churchill’s Speech to House of Commons”
n.d. censored English “Fighting Problems in Italy” by Hanson W. Baldwin
n.d. x English “Four thousand years Eastern Germany”
2.19.1945 x English “1206 on Gripsholm due here Tuesday” in NY Times
2.16.1945 censored English “Release Jews from Bergen-Belsen & Liebenau [concentration camps]” from Aufbau
2.24.1945 censored English “Ways of Salvation” by Kurt R. Grossman
2.16.1945 censored German “Rescue from Theresienstadt [concentration camp] German version of earlier item above
2.25.1945 x English “The Camp’s Barbershop”
2.25.1945 x English Movie list: Wintertime and Jane Eyre; Instructive films: Guadalajara, Mules to Motors, Golden Valley, and Symphony Orchestra
2.25.1945 x English “Reception for the Japanese Group”
3.1.1945 x English “Concert on Records”
2.25.1945 x English “Transmission of the New York ...” concert
3.4.1945 x English “Concert on Records”
3.4.1945 x English Movie list: A Damsel in Distress and A Lady takes a chance
3.4.1945 x English “Book review”
3.4.1945 x English “To the Committee of German Ladies, auxiliary of the Argentine Red Cross, Buenos Aires” from G. Sprenger and W. Musyal
3.4.1945 x English “Letter from Prisoner-of-war Camp Clark, MO from A. Mandelartz
3.4.1945 x English Letter to “International Committee of the Red Cross, Washington, D.C.”
3.4.1945 censored English Letter to “Dear Mom” from “Your loving son Junior”
3.4.1945 x English “Details about Gripsholm” incomplete
11.5.1945 x English “I try to occupy myself...” by F.W.
11.5.1944 censored English “Darmstadt and Frankfort have been devastated” similar to earlier item above
11.5.1944 x English “Oldest class of militia is raised in Germany” from London
10.28.1944 x English “Crisis in China” by Mark Gayn in Collier’s
4.8.1945 x English Movie list: Affairs of Susan and Our Town
3.15.1945 x English Letter to editor of NY Daily News from Jack Connolly about Mexico
3.26.1945 x English From column “Topics of the Times” in NY Times, “Rhine to Schuykill”
4.8.1945 x English “Letters from aboard SS Gripsholm”
4.8.1945 censored English “Our floozies prey on GI Bankroll”
4.22.1945 x English Movie list: Good Fairy and Phantom of Santa Fe
4.22.1945 x English “Football” No text
4.22.1945 x English “Library” No text
4.10.1945 x English “Nazi Pockets offer rare spectacle” by Hanson W. Baldwin in NY Times
4.10.1945 x English “Norway seen as V-2 Site” in NY Times
4.10.1945 x English “Meatless week in Paris means horse flesh also” in NY Times
4.19.1945 x English “Lectures held by H. Kueches”
4.19.1945 x English “Letters from aboard SS Gripsholm” No text
4.19.1945 x English “Report concerning deliberations held with the delegate of the International Red Cross...”
4.19.1945 x English “Usual list of arrivals and departures...” No text
4.19.1945 x English “Acknowledgement to Adolf Woebber’s birthday.” (shorthand writing teacher)
4.19.1945 x English “We invited our aliens (continued)
4.19.1945 x English “The American military authorities in the occupied areas have provided ...”
4.19.1945 censored English “Return from Lexington” [KY]
4.22.1945 x English “I have no time”
n.d. ? ----- Sketch of Hitler’s head
5.27.1945 x English “Rotten Foundations of San Francisco (continued)”
5.27.1945 x English Movie list: Comin’ round the Mountain and Tobacco Road
5.27.1945 x English “List of departures and new arrivals” No text
5.27.1945 x English “Program of concert on records” No text
5.27.1945 x English “Sports,...” No text
5.27.1945 censored English “Flag Code”
4.16.1945 x English from “The Periscope” in Newsweek
5.27.1945 x English “Library”
5.27.1945 x English “Death of Comrade Widmaier”
5.20.1945 censored English “Two authorities?”
BOX / FOLDER INVENTORY
1 Correspondence from John Ehler including final copy of the Echo, 1943-1945
2 Correspondence from Anna and Charlie Ratzmer (Irvington, MT), 1943-1944
3 Correspondence from Kurt Biederbck (Crystal City, TX), 1943-1944
4 Correspondence from L. Hubring (San Francisco, CA), 1943
5 Correspondence from nephew Billy, 1943, 1945
6 Christmas card from Rudolph Fischer, 1945
7 Correspondence from Herbert H. Quell (Nashville, TN), 1943-1944
8 Correspondence from Reverend Joseph Cashen (Duluth, MN), 1944
9 Christmas card from Ruth
10 Envelopes (empty) from Dr. D. Fleming (Nashville, TN), 1944-1945
11 Correspondence from Wolfe & Miller, (Camp Forrest, TN), 1943
12 Correspondence from Elsa S. (Bloomfield, NJ), 1943, 1944
13 Correspondence from R. H. Macy and Co. Inc. (Herald Square, NY), 1944
14 Correspondence (letter unsigned), 1943
15 Correspondence from Charlotte Anne Emory, 1945
16 Correspondence from Beats (Mora, MN), 1943
17 Christmas post card from Ihr O. Eger (Crystal City, TX)
18 Correspondence from nephew Freddie (Union, NJ)
19 Correspondence from Conrad Hoffmann and the office of Dr. Rudolph Fischer of the War Prisoners’ Aid of the YMCA (Geneva, Switzerland), 1943-1944
20 Correspondence from Gerry (Pine Bluff or Little Rock, AR), 1943-1944
21 Correspondence from Herbert Schroeder (Spokane, WA), 1944
22 Correspondence from Bird Steele (Duluth, MN), 1943
23 Correspondence from J. T. Juhl (Troy, MT), 1944
24 Correspondence to Dr. E. A. O. Alberti (Acapulco, Guerrero, Mexico), 1944
25 Post card to Kurt Biederbeck (Crystal City, TX), 1943
26 Correspondence from Charlie (Irvington, NJ), 1943
27 Post card from nephews, Raymond, Billy, Bill, and Freddie, 1943
28 Correspondence from Bill young and family (Union, NJ), 1943-1944
29 Correspondence from August Nambahr (Spokane, WA), 1945
30 Correspondence from Rosie and Red Ulrich, 1943
31 Correspondence from (indistinguishable signature), 1944
32 Correspondence from Konrad Otto Bremer, 1943
33 Correspondence from J. W. Guenther (Richmond, VA), 1943-1944
34 Correspondence from Margie (Newark, NJ), 1943-1944
35 Notebook “Landkarten” (maps of) with World War II maps (mostly from American papers), and loose handwritten lists of radio stations by number with schedule of Jung’s favorite programs, and daily war reports for each of the various affected continents, 1943-1945
36 Notebook “World War II” with clippings organized alphabetically of persons and groups who played a role in the war, ca. 1943-1945
37 Newspaper clippings and handwritten dictionary with World War II terms and people
38 Photographs (these have been digitized and are on the Q drive)
39 Notes relating to censored articles for Bismarck Echo, 1943-1945
40 Bismarck Echo, October-December 1943
41 Bismarck Echo, January-March 1944
42 Bismarck Echo, April-June 1944
43 Bismarck Echo, July-September 1944
44 Bismarck Echo, October-December 1944
45 Bismarck Echo, January-March 1945
46 Bismarck Echo, April-June 1945
47 Bismarck Echo, July-September 1945
48 Bismarck Echo, October-December 1943 (use for copying)
49 Bismarck Echo, January-March 1944 (use for copying)
50 Bismarck Echo, April-June 1944 (use for copying)
51 Bismarck Echo, July-September 1944 (use for copying)
52 Bismarck Echo, October-December 1944 (use for copying)
53 Bismarck Echo, January-March 1945 (use for copying)
54 Bismarck Echo, April-June 1945 (use for copying)
55 Bismarck Echo, July-September 1945 (use for copying)
56 CD of Bismarck Echo and notes relating to articles
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