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Manuscripts by Subject - Military - #10871

Title: Hans J. Jung Papers            
Dates: 1943-1945

Collection Number: 10871

Quantity: 1 foot
Abstract: Papers consist of correspondence from friends and family of Jung, photographs, newspaper clippings, working papers, and copies of the Bismarck Echo, the newspaper of the Fort Lincoln POW internment camp.  Some items have been marked by censors.  Issues of the Bismarck Echo also available on CD-ROM as part of this collection.  Jung was a German national held first at Camp Forrest in Tennessee, and then at Fort Lincoln, near Bismarck during World War II.

Provenance: The collection was donated by Father Denis Fournier (acting for Assumption Abbey, Richardton, ND) on November 16, 2002. The collection was processed by Lotte Bailey in 2002, summaries and sketches were completed by J. Beltran in 2002 and 2003.

Property Rights: The State Historical Society of North Dakota owns the property rights to this collection.

Copyrights: Copyrights to materials in this collection remain with the donor, publisher, author, or author's heirs.  Researcher should consult the 1976 Copyright Act, Public Law 94‑553, Title 17 U.S. Code and an archivist at this repository if clarification of copyright requirements is needed.

Access: This collection is open under the rules and regulations of the State Historical Society of North Dakota.   

Citation: Researchers are requested to cite the collection title, collection number, and the State Historical Society of North Dakota in all footnote and bibliographic references.

Compiled by J. Beltran, January 12, 2003

Hans Jung, a German national, was an alien internee at Camp Forrest, TN, and later Bismarck, ND, during World War II.  He carried on an extensive correspondence with friends and family while he was interned.  The letters that were written to him show him to have been a leader who developed various educational and leisure activities at the camps.  He also seemed to be an intellectual who inspired others, for example, PFC Herbert H. Quell, a former internee.  Eventually Quell was released from the camp, owing to his dual citizenship, and joined the U.S.  Army.  Jung had inspired him to study, and Quell wrote details of his current studies to his former teacher.

Jung developed language classes and studied and read world literature, music history, art history, chemistry, and physics.  He organized theatrical productions and athletic activities.  Evidently, toward the end of the war Jung became depressed and worried about what his life would be after the war.  His friends tried to encourage him in their letters.

Not only is there a good deal of information about Jung’s life as an internee in the correspondence, but American civilian life is also detailed.  Jung’s family and friends were American citizens who worked, traveled, celebrated family events, and coped with wartime situations such as rationing.  They described much of these situations to him in their letters. They were probably American citizens because they did not describe living under any restrictions.  His brother, Bill, for example, had changed his name from Jung to Young.
Letters from family and friends show how close knit family and friends were in this New Jersey community.  Jung also received letters from three women in Minnesota and Arkansas who were related and who seemed to know him when they lived in Brooklyn, NY.

Some letters are written in languages other than English.  Several of the letters are in German.  They may be from other internees or from German-American friends.  There are several references to the European situation; some correspondents wrote to friends or family in Germany via Switzerland and relayed information to Jung.  One letter, in Spanish, concerns an official complaint about Jung’s situation as an “Internee of War.”

Compiled by J. Beltran January 12, 2003
Name    Folder #               Relationship to Jung       Location

Citizens Protective League           1                             
Ehler, Hans         1              businessman     Peru
Ehler, John          1                             
Westhoff, Ferdinand  1    member of Citizens Protective League?               
Uncle John (Ehler?)  1                             
Ratzmer, Anna  2              sister, a beautician  Irvington, NJ
Ratzmer, Charlie        2    brother-in-law, owner of delicatessen   Irvington, NJ
Larson, Gerry     2              friend, physiotherapist, treats crippled children (see Folder 20) Little Rock, AR, later 1200 Laurel St., Pine Bluff, AR
Haeger, Jerry     2              beautician with Anna Ratzmer; husband is interned Irvington, NJ
Margie  2              beautician with Anna Ratzmer   Irvington, NJ
Johnny 2              butcher                Irvington, NJ
Koshier, Mrs.     2              neighbor              Irvington, NJ
Hubers, Mrs.      2              neighbor              Irvington, NJ
Wuest, Mrs.       2              neighbor              Irvington, NJ
Betty     2              bakery employee ?         Irvington, NJ
Eddy      2              bank employee                Irvington, NJ
Jane       2              beautician ?        Irvington, NJ
Emil        2                             
Emil’s wife          2                             
Emil’s granddaughter     2              8 months old     
Frank     2                             
Frank’s wife       2                             
Jo Young              2              Hans’ sister-in-law          
Billy        2              Jo and Bill’s son
Freddy  2              Bill’s son              
Rosie & Fred Ulrich          2              See Folder 30     Hopebrook Heights, NJ
Mrs. Greason    2                             
Mrs. Greason’s son         2                             
Raymond             2              Hans’ nephew in high school; is a handyman for Charlie; then worked in a dairy in Union, NJ       
Mary Lou             2                             
George 2              teaches in Linden High School   
Gunther               2              Hans’ friend in the internment camp     
Koh family           2              neighbors           
Hofmann family                2                             
Jamy (sp) Hoesel              2              neighbor             
Mrs. Pfeffer       2              neighbor             
Ina Beatson        2              corporal (in U.S. armed forces?)  Scotland
Mrs. Williams     2              neighbor             
Thelma 2              related to Mrs. Williams               
Mrs. Williams’ brother   2                             
Bird        2              a woman friend of Hans     Minnesota
Rosiken & husband         2              neighbors           
Kathie & husband            2              neighbors           
Bill Bichel             2              Charlie’s brother-in-law? and father of Freddy, Billy, & Raymond
Rosa Bichel and Grandma             2
Rosa Darybark (sp)          2
Rinderers            2              neighbors           
Inge Swanstrom               2                             
Frank Fuller        2                             
Aunt Malken      2              321 E. 200th St., Bronx, NY
Youngs 2              Hans’ brother and family: Fred, Jo, Raymond, Billy; See Folder 28.            
Kurt Biederbeck               3              internee Crystal City, TX
L. Gleibring         4                              San Francisco, CA
Rudolph Fischer                6                             
Herbert H. Quell 7            internee, released, PFC in U.S. Army      Nashville, TN
Rev. Joseph Cashen 8    rector, Cathedral of Our Lady of the Rosary   Duluth, MN
Ruth      9                             
Dave, Ruth’s younger son            9                             
Teddy, Ruth’s son in 1st grade   9                             
Bert, Ruth’s husband     9                             
“mother” Ruth’s or Bert’s mother            9                             
Dr. D.F. Fleming                10           Nashville, TN
Russell Wolfe     11           Camp Forrest, TN
Morris E. Miller, 2nd Lt., AUS, Asst. Adjutant       11                          
Elsa S.    12           administrator, Community War Chest     Bloomfield, NJ
Bob Donaldson 12           Prudential insurance salesman  39 Elmwood Road, Wellesley, MA
Helen Donaldson (Mrs. Bob)       12                          
Donaldson boys                12           in school             
R.H. Macy & Co., NY        13                          
Charlotte Anne Emry      15                          
Donat    15           Charlotte’s husband or friend   
Beats     16           Hans’ friend who visited him in Bismarck with her niece (?) Bird and her sister (?) Gerry; teaches in Duluth, MN        Mora, MN; had a house at 8 Pierrepont, Brooklyn, NY
O. Eger & family                17           Crystal City, TX
Hoffman & Fischer          19           War Prisoners’ Aid of the YMCA  Geneva, Switzerland
Rev. Henry L. Hoffman  19           formerly at or visiting Bismarck camp     
H.K. von Maltitz                20           Gerry’s friend    1335 N. Dearborn, Chicago, IL
Mr. McCay          20           administrator at Bismarck camp Bismarck, ND
Mrs. Trotter       20           Gerry’s private patient Pine Bluff, AR
Herbert Shroeder 21      Box 303 Welch Bldg., Spokane, WA
Miss Knutson     22           Erich Hannan’s friend    
Erich Hannan      22                          
Mr. & Mrs. M.D. Matthews         22   Steele, ND
Mrs. Becker        22                           Brooklyn, NY
Miss Rasch          22                          
Yadine  22                          
Mr. Siegel            22           an internee?     
Mr. Koch              22                          
Mr. Broderson  22           internee             
J.T. Juhl                23                           Troy, MT
Dr. E.A.P. Alberti              24                           Acapulco, Guerrero, Mexico
Mr. & (Mrs. Jean) Poretti             26           neighbors, Irvington, NJ
Bill Young             28           Hans Jung’s brother, Americanized name, Union, NJ
Helen Rindeler  28           friend of Bill Young         
Bill Rindeler        28           Helen’s son in the Army               
Henrietta Schumacher   28           going with Bill Rindeler 
Rudi Rinderer (sp)           28           in the service    
August Nambahr              29                           Spokane, WA
Mrs. Oma Fleckenstern 30                          
                31           in German–writer is at St. Alexius Hospital, Bismarck, ND
J.W. Guenther  33           in German           4629 Kensington Ave., Richmond, VA
Margie  34           Bob, her husband, is in a nearby camp.  They vacationed in Springfield, MA, and visited her brother-in-law who is stationed at a camp near there. Newark, NJ


Compiled by J. Beltran, November 18, 2002

The Bismarck Echo was the weekly newspaper written and published by German enemy aliens interned at Fort Lincoln, Bismarck, North Dakota, during World War II.  The material in this collection dates from August 1943 to September 1945, but most of the entries were written during 1944 and 1945.

Residents of Fort Lincoln internment camp were alien men whose native countries, Germany and Japan, were at war with the United States.  This collection concerns the Germans; only one reference is about the Japanese at the camp.

The German internees had entered the United States legally before the war in order to work.  After war was declared, those who had not applied for citizenship or who had overstayed their permits were arrested because the administration believed that they might be a threat to the country’s security.  Once arrested, they were collected into centers such as Ellis Island and later dispersed among various internment camps through the country.  Fort Lincoln was one of these.

Although within the city limits of Bismarck, Fort Lincoln was actually a few miles south of the city, not far from the state penitentiary.  Internees could not leave the camp; therefore, they looked for ways to pass the time.  One of these was for some to establish the Bismarck Echo.

Most of the items that were submitted to the Bismarck Echo were collected from a variety of sources and reprinted.  Those from newspapers and magazines concerned current events.  The publications included New York Times, Publishers’ Weekly, Deutsche Zeitung, Russiya’, Time, Life, Aufbau, Staatszeitung, Chicago Tribune, America, Collier’s, New York Daily News, and Newsweek.  There were also commentaries identified by author but not source, for example, “The truth about Pearl Harbor” by John T. Flynn; broadcasts; lectures; historical essays; excerpts from John Steinbeck’s The Grapes of Wrath; and the incomplete texts of speeches given at a ceremony welcoming Japanese internees.

Also submitted were letters from relatives in Germany that were probably sent through Switzerland; letters from internees in other American camps; sports news from Germany; and complaints by camp residents regarding the security of Red Cross packages that had been sent from Argentina.

The copy was in two languages, English and German. Most of the material was in English, about a dozen items were in German.  Approximately a third of the German language items had been translated into English, but most of the English items were not translated into German.

All items were submitted to the censor who reviewed each issue. The censor either accepted individual items with a checkmark or no comment or censored them with a large cross over the text and often the word “out” in the margin. The censor annotated a few items if the decision could be changed with further information. About thirty items were not allowed to be included, and three were partially censored. Censored topics included attempts to refute stories about concentration camp conditions that the Allies found when they liberated the camps; anti-United Nations essays; articles on European anti-Semitism; excerpts from The Grapes of Wrath; an anti-USSR article; results of Allied bombing of German cities; Franklin D. Roosevelt’s health published three months after his death; a detailed description of the way internees were transported from Ellis Island to Bismarck; and three articles from the Chicago Tribune, Joseph Medill McCormick’s anti-administration, anti-British newspaper.  However, news about Nazi u-boats and the capture of Americans aboard the SS Gripsholm, a neutral Swedish merchant ship, were printed.

Included in each week’s issue were items that provide some idea of camp life.  They included the twice weekly movie titles, camp sports announcements, the supply room schedule, library announcements, announcements of concerts on phonograph records, camp zoo notes, the choir, the barbershop, and lectures.

Date      Accepted    Language   Content

12.1943 x          English      Unsigned letter to “Dear brother” with family news from Germany
2.1944   x          English      “A comparison”: description of transportation of enemy aliens from Ellis Island to Bismarck
8.27.1944             x         German    “Halbe Ration fuer streikende Gefangaene” ‘half beer ration causes prisoners’ strike’ from Stockton, CA
8.10.1944             x              English  11 million Post-war plans: Released German civilian internees will not find work in postwar U.S. because American veterans will have them.
10.22.1944           x              English  The Second 30-Years’ War: Parallels dismemberment of the Reich by the Treaty of Westphalia, 1648, with coming results of WWII.
12.10.1944           x              English  Article in Publishers’ Weekly, no. 26, Dec. 1944, “Center of Free-German Literature” by Friedrich Kraus.  Center provides anti-Nazi German books to POW camps in U.S.
12.10.1944           x              English  “Berlin reports new line stronger than Westwall” in a propaganda broadcast.
12.10.1944           x              English  From Stockholm: “Nazis announce ‘V-3' for New York.
12.10.1944           x              English  “V-2 blasts and shakes England”
1.30.1944             x              English  From Milwaukee, WI Deutsche Zeitung: “A new reason for divorce”
2.6.1945, 2.18.1945          x English “Tanks and Weapons” by Hanson Baldwin in New York Times: American armament
2.18.1945             x              German “Befrei das russische Volk!” ‘Liberate the Russian people’ from Russian newspaper Russiya’ in New York
2.5.1945, 2.18.1945          x English In Time, “Russia”
n.d.        x              English  “Letters from ‘our dough-boys’”
1.11.1944             x English “Russia’s boundary with Poland,” a broadcast by Dr. F. Fleming
11.5.1944             x English “Darmstadt and Frankfort devastated” in Life
2.6.1945               x English “Features for Our Study” in New York Times compares German and American armament.
4.1944   x              German “Feindlicher Auslander wider Willen” ‘Enemy foreigner against one’s will’ from Bismarck 
2.16.1945             x German “Rettung aus Theresienstadt” ‘Rescue out of Theresienstadt’ Jews leaving a concentration camp?? from Aufbau
2.16.1945             x German “Wege der Rettung” by Kurt R. Grossman ‘Because of the rescue’
2.16.1945             x German “Entlassene Juden aus Bergen-Belsen, Liebenau und Laufen” from Aufbau ‘Jews released from Bergen-Belsen, Liebenau and Laufen’ [concentration camps]
4.4.1945               x English “The World’s Reformers”: President Franklin D. Roosevelt’s report on the Yalta Conference
2.17.1945             x English “Malta - Yalta” in the Cotton Trade Journal, a joke about the Yalta Conference.
2.28.1944             x English “From other camps,” letter from Paul R. de Gaston, Kenedy, TX
1944       censored English “The new Germany and the returning emigrant,” lecture by W. Rogge on 8.5.
3.23.1944             x English Letter from “your niece Margret,” Muenster, titled “From Germany”
n.d.        x English “Careers in navigation”
n.d.        x English “Report concerning the art-exhibition held in the Art-School, Fort Lincoln” No text
n.d.        ?              English  “The truth about Pearl Harbor” by John T. Flynn
4.26.1945             x English “Letter from Richmond”
4.24.1945             x English “German officers who celebrated Hitler [‘s birthday] were disciplined” in a report from Omaha, NE
4.26.1945             x English “Foe claims carrier hit,” from NY Times that the German High Command announced a U-boat had torpedoed a British aircraft carrier.
3.14.1945             x English Movie list: Flesh and Fantasy and Frontier Bad Man
2.23.1945             x English “Return Gripsholm,” a continued story in NY Times about American crewmen on a Swedish merchant ship released from German prison camp and returned to U.S.
2.2_.1945             censored English “U-Boat bag up, February sinkings total 333" from London
n.d.        ?              English  “in God’s own country” appears to be a German view of American homelife
6.15.1945             ? German “Vergiftetes Europa” from Aufbau.  ‘contaminating Europe’: about antisemitism
6.24.1945             censored             English  “Horror tales”: refuting recent stories about Nazi camps
8.16.1943             x English “How strong is Japan?”
7.8.1945               ? English Russian churches in North America
7.2.1945               ? English “Notice from New York Staatszeitung” : deportation of Germans from U.S.
n.d.        ?              English  “Change in payment of prisoners of war”
n.d.        censored             English  “Christian love”: anti-United Nations
n.d.        ?              German “Grauelmaerchen” ‘horror stories’: German version of “Horror tales” above.
n.d.        ?              German “Christliche Liebe”: German version of “Christian love” above.
n.d.        ?              German “Hindenburg und Deutschland” ‘Hindenburg [German chancellor before Hitler] and Germany’
7.11.1945             censored English “Roosevelt’s Health” from Orborne Mitchell, Youngstown, Ohio
n.d         censored English “What do we want? (Some questions about Germany’s future)”
7.29.1945             ?              English  “Usual list of departures,...Movies,...Sports-events,...Book review...Camp-Zoo.  No text.
7.29.1945             ?              English  Exchange of letters between spokesman and General Attorney [Attorney General] of North Dakota re: deportation cases & between spokesman and Lutheran minister Pastor G. E. Mundinger.  No text.
7.20.1945             x              English  NY Times report.  No text.
n.d.        ?              English  “Birthdays of German philosophers and poets” No text.
7.29.1945             censored English “Hindenburg and Germany” English version of above.
7.29.1945             ? English “Poem of Theodor Fontane about tomb of Bismarck” No text.
7.17        ?              English  “Letter from Richmond, VA” from I.W. Guenther
7.29.1945             censored English “Poem by internee Christian Ehmann, ‘In God’s loving hand’” No text.
8.2.1945               x              English  “Program of recorded music” Tchaikovsky.  No text.
7.30.1945             x              English  Supply room schedule announcement.  No text.
7.22.1945             x              English  “War prisoners earn their living”
7.22.1945             x              English  Movie list and other entertainment list.  No text.
n.d.        censored English Report from Chicago Tribune, 5.29 about tension between U.S. and USSR.
9.22.1945             censored English “Sedition Trial attorney sues Biddle and four” from Chicago Tribune by Willism Strandm [sp?]
9.17.1945             censored English “British told of Boer war prison camp horrors” in Chicago Tribune.
6.3. 1945
6.6.1945               x              English  Movie list No text
n.d.        censored             English  “New arrivals and departures of internees” No text.
6.3.1945               censored English “Our best friend” [Francis Biddle, U.S. Attorney General]
6.3.45    x              English  “Library” No text
6.3.1945               x              English  “Ideas of Peace (continued): Declaration of the Steuben Society”
6.26.1945             x              English  Movie list list: Laddie and Mexican Spitfire Out West No text
6.24.1945             x              English  “Arrivals and departures...” No text.
6.24.1945             x              English  “Letter from Officer in Charge regarding mail to Germany” No text
6.24.1945             x              English  “From Germany (“Stamp Magazine”)”
6.14.1945             x              English  “Shipping Losses of Allied Nations”: official list in NY Times.  No text.
6.24.1945             censored English “Poisoned Europe,” English version of “Vergiftetes Europa” above.
6.24.1945             censored English “An appeal of UNRRA for the Italian people” [UNRRA = United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration]
7.8.1945               x              English  Movie list: There Goes My Heart and Palooka.  No text.
7.8.1945               x              English  List of entertainment events for the week.  No text.
7.8.1945               x              English  German poets and musicians’ birthdays with notes.  No text.
7.8.1945               x              English  “[Abraham] Lincoln and [Otto von] Bismarck”
7.8.1945               censored English “Church here cuts Russ tie”
7.15.1945             x              English  Movie list: No text.
7.15.1945             x              English  List of entertainment events for the week.  No text.
7.15.1945             censored English “Excerpts from Grapes of Wrath, American ‘best-seller’ by John Steinbeck”
7.15.1945             x              English  Excerpts from The Culture of the Renaissance and Historic View-points by J. Burckhardt
7.15.1945             x              English  “Current events from Latin-America (as usual)” No text
7.4.1945               x              English  “U.S. keeps axis property” from America
7.15.1945             x              English  “Coal-shortage in Europe becomes utmost crit...”
7.15.1945             x              English  Report of camp committee’s last session.  No text
7.15.1945             x              English  “Lincoln Zoo, report of animal life in camp” No text. 
7.21.1945             ?              German “Was wollen wir?” ‘What do we want?’ German version.  See earlier item above.
n.d.        censored English “Russia’s Boundary With Poland” from a broadcast by Dr. D.F. Fleming
n.d.        ?              English  “German Prisoners of War” condensed from Life
1.1944   x              English  “New Year 1944
1.1944   x              English  “Ice hockey”
1.1944   x              English  “Our male choir”
1.1944   x              English  “Friedrich Silcher (1789-1860)” a German composer
7.23.1944             x, except for one paragraph        English  “Our Problems”
7.23.1944             x              English  “Repatriation”
7.23.1944             x              English  “Grimm Alfalfa”
2.1944   x              English  “Sports letter No. 2"
8.27.1944             x              English  “Red Cross packages”
8.27.1944             x, except for intermittent items                English  “Musical Event”
10.8.1944             x              English  “Costa Rica Deports 9 Germans”
10.8.1944             x              English  “Two Gripsholm Seamen Seized”
10.8.1944             x              English  “How Heydrich died (continued)”
10.22.1944           x              English  “3rd Sports Letter from Germany (continued)”
10.22.1944           x              English  “The New Supply Room”
12.10.1944           x              English  “Something about the Planets”
12.4.1944             x              English  “Nothing quite like these” from NY Times
n.d.        censored             English  List of recipients of Bismarck Echo outside Fort Lincoln
n.d.        x              English  “Camp Library”
n.d.        x              English  “Bismarck School”
n.d.        x              English  “Projector”
1.13.1944             x              English  “From other camps” letter from Kurt Biederbeck at Crystal City, TX
2.18.1945             x              English  “Football
2.18.1945             x              English  “Union of German Ingeneers” from Verein Deutscher Ingenieure
2.18.45  x              English  Movie list: Tales of Manhattan and Hidden Gold
2.10.1945             x              English  “Repatriates to return” from NY Times
2.18.1945             censored English “Liberate the Russian People!” English version of item above ‘Befrei das russische Volk!’
2.5.1945               censored             English  “Russia” from Time
2.18.45  x              English  “Concert”
10.30.1944           x              English  “Letter from Germany”
10.22.1944           x              English  “Letter from Germany”
n.d.        x              German               “Den Italienern geht...” ‘The Italians went...”
n.d.        censored German “Ein Vergleich” ‘A comparison” German version of item above
7.30.1944             x              English  “From Germany” letter from Vienna
7.30.1944             x              English  “Sports letter No. 2 (Continued)” from Heinz Richert
7.30.1944             censored English “A change for the better”
7.14.1944             x              English  “From other camps,” Ellis Island, Hermann Joschawitz
7.30.1944             x              English  “Back here”
7.30.1944             x              English  “From Switzerland”
n.d.        x with some items censored       English  Speeches by spokesman for German internees, Gerhard Sprenger, and spokesman [for Japanese internees], Mr. Kawata, and Welcome Speech by Dr. Jung [incomplete]; “Then and Now”; Commemoration of the First Issue”
1.14.1945             x              English  “Argentine Affairs”
1.14.1945             x              English  “Choir”
1.14.1945             x              English  “Exchange in Switzerland” more on the Gripsholm
1.14.1945             x              English  “End of term”
1.14.1945             censored English “The German Blow.I” by Hanson W. Baldwin
1.14.1945             x              English  “Germans claim new U-boat”
1.14.1945             x              English  “Hitler decorates German Ace”
1.14.1945             x              English  “Mrs. Luce [Clare Booth Luce] tells of Italy’s Plight” in NY Times
10.1.1944             x              English  “Excerpts of Churchill’s Speech to House of Commons”
n.d.        censored             English  “Fighting Problems in Italy” by Hanson W. Baldwin
n.d.        x              English  “Four thousand years Eastern Germany”
2.19.1945             x              English  “1206 on Gripsholm due here Tuesday” in NY Times
2.16.1945             censored English “Release Jews from Bergen-Belsen & Liebenau [concentration camps]” from Aufbau
2.24.1945             censored English “Ways of Salvation” by Kurt R. Grossman
2.16.1945             censored German “Rescue from Theresienstadt [concentration camp] German version of earlier item above
2.25.1945             x              English  “The Camp’s Barbershop”
2.25.1945             x              English  Movie list: Wintertime and Jane Eyre; Instructive films: Guadalajara, Mules to Motors, Golden Valley, and Symphony Orchestra
2.25.1945             x              English  “Reception for the Japanese Group”
3.1.1945               x              English  “Concert on Records”
2.25.1945             x              English  “Transmission of the New York ...” concert
3.4.1945               x              English  “Concert on Records”
3.4.1945               x              English  Movie list: A Damsel in Distress and A Lady takes a chance
3.4.1945               x              English  “Book review”
3.4.1945               x              English  “To the Committee of German Ladies, auxiliary of the Argentine Red Cross, Buenos Aires” from G. Sprenger and W. Musyal
3.4.1945               x              English  “Letter from Prisoner-of-war Camp Clark, MO from A. Mandelartz
3.4.1945               x              English  Letter to “International Committee of the Red Cross, Washington, D.C.” 
3.4.1945               censored English Letter to “Dear Mom” from “Your loving son Junior”
3.4.1945               x              English  “Details about Gripsholm” incomplete
11.5.1945             x              English  “I try to occupy myself...” by F.W.
11.5.1944             censored English “Darmstadt and Frankfort have been devastated” similar to earlier item above
11.5.1944             x              English  “Oldest class of militia is raised in Germany” from London
10.28.1944           x              English  “Crisis in China” by Mark Gayn in Collier’s
4.8.1945               x              English  Movie list: Affairs of Susan and Our Town
3.15.1945             x              English  Letter to editor of NY Daily News from Jack Connolly about Mexico
3.26.1945             x              English  From column “Topics of the Times” in NY Times, “Rhine to Schuykill”
4.8.1945               x              English  “Letters from aboard SS Gripsholm”
4.8.1945               censored English “Our floozies prey on GI Bankroll”
4.22.1945             x              English  Movie list: Good Fairy and Phantom of Santa Fe
4.22.1945             x              English  “Football” No text
4.22.1945             x              English  “Library” No text
4.10.1945             x              English  “Nazi Pockets offer rare spectacle” by Hanson W. Baldwin in NY Times
4.10.1945             x              English  “Norway seen as V-2 Site” in NY Times
4.10.1945             x              English  “Meatless week in Paris means horse flesh also” in NY Times
4.19.1945             x              English  “Lectures held by H. Kueches”
4.19.1945             x              English  “Letters from aboard SS Gripsholm” No text
4.19.1945             x              English  “Report concerning deliberations held with the delegate of the International Red Cross...”
4.19.1945             x              English  “Usual list of arrivals and departures...” No text
4.19.1945             x              English  “Acknowledgement to Adolf Woebber’s birthday.”  (shorthand writing teacher)
4.19.1945             x              English  “We invited our aliens (continued)
4.19.1945             x              English  “The American military authorities in the occupied areas have provided ...”
4.19.1945             censored English “Return from Lexington” [KY]
4.22.1945             x              English  “I have no time”
n.d.        ?              -----        Sketch of Hitler’s head
5.27.1945             x              English  “Rotten Foundations of San Francisco (continued)”
5.27.1945             x              English  Movie list: Comin’ round the Mountain and Tobacco Road
5.27.1945             x              English  “List of departures and new arrivals” No text
5.27.1945             x              English  “Program of concert on records” No text
5.27.1945             x              English  “Sports,...” No text
5.27.1945             censored             English  “Flag Code”
4.16.1945             x              English  from “The Periscope” in Newsweek
5.27.1945             x              English  “Library”
5.27.1945             x              English  “Death of Comrade Widmaier”
5.20.1945             censored English “Two authorities?”  


Box 1:
1 Correspondence from John Ehler including final copy of the Echo, 1943-1945
2 Correspondence from Anna and Charlie Ratzmer (Irvington, MT), 1943-1944
3 Correspondence from Kurt Biederbck (Crystal City, TX), 1943-1944
4 Correspondence from L. Hubring (San Francisco, CA), 1943
5 Correspondence from nephew Billy, 1943, 1945
6 Christmas card from Rudolph Fischer, 1945
7 Correspondence from Herbert H. Quell (Nashville, TN), 1943-1944
8 Correspondence from Reverend Joseph Cashen (Duluth, MN), 1944
9 Christmas card from Ruth
10 Envelopes (empty) from Dr. D. Fleming (Nashville, TN), 1944-1945
11 Correspondence from Wolfe & Miller, (Camp Forrest, TN), 1943
12 Correspondence from Elsa S. (Bloomfield, NJ), 1943, 1944
13 Correspondence from R. H. Macy and Co. Inc. (Herald Square, NY), 1944
14 Correspondence (letter unsigned), 1943
15 Correspondence from Charlotte Anne Emory, 1945
16 Correspondence from Beats (Mora, MN), 1943
17 Christmas post card from Ihr O. Eger (Crystal City, TX)
18  Correspondence from nephew Freddie (Union, NJ)
19 Correspondence from Conrad Hoffmann and the office of Dr. Rudolph Fischer of the War Prisoners’ Aid of the YMCA (Geneva, Switzerland), 1943-1944
20 Correspondence from Gerry (Pine Bluff or Little Rock, AR), 1943-1944
21 Correspondence from Herbert Schroeder (Spokane, WA), 1944
22 Correspondence from Bird Steele (Duluth, MN), 1943
23 Correspondence from J. T. Juhl (Troy, MT), 1944
24 Correspondence to Dr. E. A. O. Alberti (Acapulco, Guerrero, Mexico), 1944
25 Post card to Kurt Biederbeck (Crystal City, TX), 1943
26 Correspondence from Charlie (Irvington, NJ), 1943
27 Post card from nephews, Raymond, Billy, Bill, and Freddie, 1943
28 Correspondence from Bill Young and family (Union, NJ), 1943-1944
29 Correspondence from August Nambahr (Spokane, WA), 1945
30 Correspondence from Rosie and Red Ulrich, 1943
31 Correspondence from (indistinguishable signature), 1944
32 Correspondence from Konrad Otto Bremer, 1943
33 Correspondence from J. W. Guenther (Richmond, VA), 1943-1944
34 Correspondence from Margie (Newark, NJ), 1943-1944
35 Notebook “Landkarten” (maps of) with World War II maps (mostly from American papers), and loose handwritten lists of radio stations by number with schedule of Jung’s favorite programs, and daily war reports for each of the various affected continents, 1943-1945
36 Notebook “World War II” with clippings organized alphabetically of persons and groups who played a role in the war, ca. 1943-1945
37 Newspaper clippings and handwritten dictionary with World War II terms and people
38 Photographs (these have been digitized and are on the Q drive)
39 Notes relating to censored articles for Bismarck Echo, 1943-1945
40 Bismarck Echo, October-December 1943
41 Bismarck Echo, January-March 1944
42 Bismarck Echo, April-June 1944
43 Bismarck Echo, July-September 1944
44 Bismarck Echo, October-December 1944
45 Bismarck Echo, January-March 1945
46 Bismarck Echo, April-June 1945
47 Bismarck Echo, July-September 1945
48 Bismarck Echo, October-December 1943 (use for copying)
49 Bismarck Echo, January-March 1944 (use for copying)
50 Bismarck Echo, April-June 1944 (use for copying)
51 Bismarck Echo, July-September 1944 (use for copying)
52 Bismarck Echo, October-December 1944 (use for copying)
53 Bismarck Echo, January-March 1945 (use for copying)
54 Bismarck Echo, April-June 1945 (use for copying)
55 Bismarck Echo, July-September 1945 (use for copying)
56 CD of Bismarck Echo and notes relating to articles

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