Title: Orin G. Libby Papers
Collection Number: 10085
Quantity: 20.75 feet
Abstract: The collection relates to Libby's professional and personal activities: Secretary of the State Historical Society of North Dakota, Grand Historian of the North Dakota Masonic Grand Lodge, Professor of History at the University of North Dakota. Records consist of correspondence, research materials, and notebooks. The research materials provide information on cities and counties, churches, fur trade, Indians, military expeditions and forts, and transportation. Notebooks detail travel, activities, and accounts while conducting agency business. Records relating to Libby's activities as Professor of History at the University of North Dakota, 1908-1919, consist of correspondence with other faculty regarding University matters. Records relating to Libby's position as Grand Historian of the North Dakota Masonic Grand Lodge consist of correspondence, notebook, manuscripts, notes, and documents relating to Masonic history in North Dakota.
Provenance: The State Historical Society of North Dakota acquired most of the Orin Grant Libby Collection from Orin Libby in January 1946. Additional material has come in from numerous sources since the original deposit. Juliann Henriksen prepared the inventory to the Orin Grant Libby Papers in November 1983.
Property Rights: The State Historical Society of North Dakota owns the property rights to this collection.
Copyrights: Copyrights to this collection remain with the donor, publisher, author, or author's heirs. Researchers should consult the 1976 Copyright Act, Public Law 94-553, Title 17, U.S. Code or an archivist at this repository if clarification of copyright requirements is needed.
Access: This collection is open under the rules and regulations of the State Historical Society of North Dakota.
Citation: Researchers are requested to cite the collection title, collection number, and the State Historical Society of North Dakota in all footnote and bibliographic references.
Transfer: Two hundred eighty-three photographs, five negatives and one ferrotype were transferred to the Photo Archives on November 30, 1983. Records of the State Historical Society of North Dakota (approximately three-quarters cubic foot) were removed from the collection and transferred to the agency archives. A list of publications that were removed from the collection and transferred to the Library is located at the end of the inventory. Forty-two items (brochures, programs, advertisements, stationery, etc.) were transferred to the ephemera collection.
Orin Grant Libby was born June 9, 1864, on a farm near Hammond, Wisconsin. He attended the River Falls State Normal School and graduated in 1886. He received his undergraduate degree in 1892, his master's degree in 1893, and his Ph.D. in 1895, all from the University of Wisconsin. Libby was an instructor in the Department of History at the University of Wisconsin - Madison from 1895 to 1902. He moved to Grand Forks, North Dakota in 1902, became head of the History Department at the University of North Dakota, and retired in 1945.
Dr. Libby helped reorganize the State Historical Society of North Dakota and served as its secretary from 1905 to 1945. He was president of the North Dakota Audubon Society from 1903 to 1909, president of the State Library Commission in 1909, and president of the Mississippi Valley Historical Association in 1910. He was a member of the Lions Club, the Franklin Club, Masons, Phi Beta Kappa, Alpha Pi Zeta, and Sigma Alpha Epsilon.
Dr. Libby married Eva Gertrude Cory in September 12, 1900. They had two children, Charles and Margeret. Orin Libby died at his home in Grand Forks, North Dakota on March 29, 1952.
The Orin G. Libby Manuscript Collection was established in 1952 at the University of North Dakota and is named in his honor. The Reading Room at the State Historical Society of North Dakota was similarly named in memory of Dr. Libby in 1982.
Sources: Grand Forks Herald, March 30, 1952; Fargo Forum, March 30, 1952; and North Dakota Quarterly, Summer, 1969.
SCOPE AND CONTENT
The Orin Grant Libby Collection dates from 1902 to 1943 and occupies twenty and three-fourths cubic feet. The Collection is divided into five series reflecting Libby's professional and personal activities: Secretary of the State Historical Society of North Dakota, Grand Historian of the North Dakota Masonic Grand Lodge, Professor of History at the University of North Dakota, and author of published articles.
Series I, Secretary of the State Historical Society of North Dakota, includes records relating to Libby's tenure as Secretary of the State Historical Society of North Dakota and consists of correspondence, research materials, and miscellaneous manuscripts. The correspondence includes outgoing letters, in-coming letters, and subject files, and measures nearly 12 cubic feet. The outgoing letters date from 1905 to 1943 and are arranged chronologically. The incoming letters date from 1902 to 1943 and are arranged alphabetically. The subject files, dating 1904 to 1941, consist of correspondence concerning administration of the agency, historical research and investigations, curatorial applications, and agency projects.
The research materials occupy approximately 8 cubic feet and consist of originals and copies of materials of historical value, including biographies; census and enumeration records; Civil War and World War I letters; diaries and journals; newspaper clippings; reports; documents; historical sketches; and notebooks. The research materials provide information on cities and counties, churches, fur trade, Indians, military expeditions and forts, and transportation. Libby's notebooks, measuring ½ cubic foot, detail travel, activities, and accounts while conducting agency business. Prior to processing, the research materials were arranged in groups reflecting either similar subject matter or format. This arrangement has been maintained in most instances.
The miscellaneous manuscripts measure ½ cubic foot and consist of manuscripts, letters, reports, accounts of Indian legends, account books, maps, and reminiscences. They are arranged alphabetically according to the contributor's last name.
Series II, the Grand Historian of the North Dakota Masonic Grand Lodge, relates to Libby's position and dates from 1926 to 1942, occupies 2 cubic foot, and consists of correspondence, a notebook, manuscripts, notes, and documents relating to Masonic history in North Dakota.
Series III, Professor of History at the University of North Dakota, includes records relating to Libby's activities as Professor of History at the University of North Dakota, date from 1908 to 1919 and consist of correspondence between Libby and other University faculty members regarding University matters.
The Published Articles Series consists of copies of Libby's writings from various publications.
The Miscellaneous, Oversize Maps and Documents Series includes a wide variety of material, including research notes, publications, and miscellaneous items that were . The bulk of the Series consists of historical maps of North Dakota, Dakota Territory, North America and elsewhere. Prominent items in the Series include a copy of a pictograph of Whitestone Hill, hand-drawn maps of other military events, hand-drawn maps of the expeditions of Verendrye and others, and maps of Indian activities and reservations. Many items in the Series are hand-drawn manuscript maps that were prepared by or for O. G. Libby during his time as Secretary of the State Historical Society of North Dakota, 1905-1945. Several maps in the Series were created to document places and events recalled by North Dakota residents and others, supplemented with reminiscences and notes, and given to Libby. Finally, the Series includes commercially printed maps that were likely used or collected by Libby during his course of research and service to the State Historical Society of North Dakota.
Researchers should note that a collection of Orin Libby papers are available in the Orin G. Libby Manuscript Collection at the University of North Dakota. An inventory to the Libby papers at the University of North Dakota is available on request in the Orin G. Libby Memorial Reading Room at the State Historical Society of North Dakota.
Series I. Secretary of the State Historical Society of North Dakota, 1905-1943, Box 1-41
Consists of correspondence, research materials, and miscellaneous manuscripts.
Series II. Grand Historian of the North Dakota Masonic Grand Lodge, 1926-1942, Box 41 Consists of correspondence, a notebook, manuscripts, notes, and documents.
Series III. Professor of History at the University of North Dakota, 1908-1919, Box 41 Consists of correspondence between Libby and University faculty members regarding University matters.
Series IV. Published Articles, 1936-1953, Box 41-42 Consists of copies of Libby's published articles.
Series V. Miscellaneous, Oversize Maps and Documents, ca. 1905-1945, Boxes 43-44, map case drawers and oversize storage
Series I. Secretary of the State Historical Society of North Dakota
Correspondence: Outgoing Letters
2 January-April 1906
3 May-August 1906
4 September 1906-December 1907
1 January-July 1912
2 August-December 1912
3 January-June 1913
4 July-December 1913
5 January-June 1914
6 July-September 1914
7 October-December 1914
1 January-April 1905
2 May-July 1915
3 August-September 1915
4 October-December 1915
5 January-June 1916
6 July-December 1916
1 January-April 1917
2 May-December 1917
2 January-June 1923
3 July-December 1923
5 January-June, 1925
6 July-December 1925
7 January-June 1926
1 July-December 1926
2 January-March 1927
3 April-September 1927
4 October-December 1927
5 January-August 1928
6 September-December 1982
7 January-June 1929
1 July-December 1929
Correspondence: Incoming Letters
2 Acker, I. A.
3 Akers, Charles N.
4 Allen, J. D.
5 American Historical Review
6 American Museum of Natural History
7 Anderson, O. M.
8 Andrews, C. W.
9 Austin, James M.
12 Bagley, Horace
13 Ball, Frank A.
14 Barnes, F. R.
15 Bear, Alfred
16 Beede, Aaron McGaffey
17 Bek, William G.
1 Bell, J. L.
2 Bill, Fred A.
3 Birdzell, Luther E.
4 Bismarck Tribune
5 Black, R.M.
6 Blaisdell, Alfred
7 Borman, M.M.
9 Briggs, Harold E.
10 Brower, J.V.
11 Burpee, Lawrence
14 Caddell, M. C.
15 Carpenter, Georgia B.
16 Cashel, John L.
17 Clay, Merton J.
18 Cooper, Thomas E.
1 Cowie, Isaac
2 Crawford, Lewis F., 1909-1924
3 Crawford, Lewis F., 1925-1929
5 Davis, Florence
6 Densmore, Frances
9 Farrell, Alfred C.
10 Fish, Herbert C., 1904-June 1913
1 Fish, Herbert C., July 1913-1923
2 Fjelde, Herman O.
3 Foley, James W.; Foley, Michael
4 Frazier, Lynn J.
6 Gannon, Clell G.
7 Gerard, F. F.
8 Gilfillan, J. A.
9 Gillette, John M.
10 Gilmore, Melvin R.
11 Godon, David
12 Great Northern Railway Company
13 Greenleaf, William H.
14 Grimson, Gudmundur
15 Gunn, H. G.
1 Hagen, H. J.
2 Hall, Charles L.
3 Hanna, Louis B.
4 Hansbrough, Henry C.
5 Hedrick, Ellen
6 Henry, William D.
8 Holding Eagle, James
9 Hunter, W. H.
12 Jackson, Leroy F.
13 Jewell, Marshall H. and Katharine
15 Keeney, Gordon J.
16 Kessler, Charles N.
17 Kiebert, Frank J. V.
18 Kimball, Maria Brace
19 Kingsbury, George W.
20 Knight Printing Company
1 LaMoure, Judson Jr.
2 Larned, H. H.
3 Laughlin, Andrew H.
4 Lee, Charles H.
5 Library of Congress
6 Little, Clarence B.
7 Lounsberry, Clement, A.
9 McCumber, Porter J.
10 McKaig, Ray
11 McLaughlin, A.
14 Mahon, John and Ruth
15 Mann, Cameron
16 Marshall, Thomas
17 Milligan, Edward
18 Minnesota Historical Society
1 Mississippi Valley Historical Association
2 Missouri Historical Society
3 Missouri, State Historical Society of
4 Moses, John
6 Nickerson, W. B.
7 North Dakota - Agriculture and Labor, Department of
8 North Dakota - Attorney General
9 North Dakota - Auditor
10 North Dakota - Board of Control
11 North Dakota - Capitol
12 North Dakota - Engineer
13 North Dakota - Highway Commission
14 North Dakota - Land Department
15 North Dakota - Library Commission
16 North Dakota - Printing Commission
17 North Dakota - Public Instruction
18 North Dakota - Railroad Commission
19 North Dakota - Secretary of State
20 North Dakota - Treasurer
21 North Dakota - St. Louis World's Fair Commission
22 Northern Pacific Railroad
24 Overson, W. B.
2 Palmer, Bertha R.
3 Paulson, C. T.
4 Paulson, H. C.
5 Porterville, Myrtle
6 Power, James B.
7 Pritchett, John Perry
10 Reid, Russell, 1923-1930
11 Reid, Russell, 1931-1943
12 Rupp, Edna A.
2 St. Pierre, Roger
3 Salt, Wellington
4 Sarles, E. Y.
5 Saunders, Eben E.
6 Schell, J. P.
7 Scott, Hugh L.
8 Shafer, George F.
9 Shanley, Bishop John
10 Shields, Litton Edward
11 Simpson, Marie E.
12 Slaughter, Linda Warfel
13 Smith, R. W.
14 Smithsonian Institution
15 Sorlie, Arthur G.
16 South Dakota State Historical Society
17 Spalding, Burleigh F.
18 Spokesfield, Walter E.
19 Starr, Frederick
20 Steinbrueck, Ernst Reinhold, 1903-1905
21 Steinbrueck, Ernst Reinhold, 1906-1913
22 Stimmel, Smith
1 Stout, A.B.
2 Superintendent of Documents
3 Syverud, Henry B.
5 Tanner, J. A.
6 Thorteinson, Elina
7 The Torch Press
8 Truax, Allan
10 United States - Department of Commerce and Labor
11 United States - Department of Interior
12 United States - Department of Interior - General Land Office
13 United States - Department of Interior - Indian Service
14 United States - War Department
1 Wardrope, Victor
2 Wardwell, J. A.
3 Wemett, W. M.
5 White, William H.
6 Will, George F.
7 Williston Commercial Club
8 Wilson, Gilbert L.
9 Wisconson, State Historical Society of
10 Wishek, Nina Farley
11 Wright, Dana
12 Y, Z
Correspondence: Subject Files
14 Carnegie Library Proposal, 1910
15 Curator Application - George Fox, 1915
16 Curator Application - Melvin Gilmore, 1915
17 Curator Application - Katharine Jewell, 1915
18 Curator Application - Ernst Steinbrueck, 1915
19 Curator Application - A.B. Welch, 1915
20 Curator Applications - Miscellaneous, 1915
22 Henry Keiser Manuscript
23 Kensington Rune Stone
1 Newspaper Collection, 1904-1914
2 Pioneer Biographies, 1919-1920
3 Sakakawea, 1906-1938
4 Sakakawea Statue, 1906-1910
5 State Fair, 1888-1889
6 State Parks, 1925-1929
7 Taylor, Joseph H., 1906
8 David Thompson - Marker, 1925
9 Thompson, Peter, 1928-1930
10 Thunder Bird, 1931-1941
11 Verendrye National Monument, 1916
12 Verendrye Journal - Translation, 1913-1941
Research Materials: Biographies
13 Adams, Alice
14 Akers, George
15 Aldrich, Mollie J.
16 Allert, H. D.
17 Almen, John M.
18 Ames, F. W.
19 Amidon, Charles Curtis
20 Anderson, Ole L.
21 Anderson, Robert
22 Arndt, Charles F.
23 Baker, Wesley
24 Bakrud, E. E.
25 Ball, Wilbur Fisk
26 Barlow, Augustus
27 Barlow, Jonathan
28 Belcourt, George A.
1 Boileau, Clem
2 Boiteau, John
3 Boller, Henry
4 Bondiette, Edward
5 Borusky, Fred
6 Bottineau, Pierre
7 Bottineau, Pierre, by Margareth Jorgensen
8 Boutilier, Selma Lyng
9 Boyd, Mr. and Mrs. Joseph Bernard
10 Bruguier, William
11 Cady, Sanford
12 Cavileer, Charles A.
13 Cavileer, Mrs. Charles
14 Chardon, Francis
15 Charette, Alexander
16 Clover, Thomas
17 Coleman, James
18 Colosky, Joe
19 Coop, James
20 Cooper, Thomas
21 Copeland, Richard H.
22 Cotter, Charles
23 Crawford, Charles
24 Creighton, John C.
25 Croffard, Ada Hall
26 Dahl, Hannah Larson
27 David, Mr. and Mrs. J. W.
28 Dawson, Andrew
29 Dease, John and William
30 Delorme, Joseph
31 DeSmet, Jean Pierre
32 Dill, Daniel
33 Dobmeier, Jacob
34 Dodge, R.J.
35 Dolan, John
36 Doolittle, Amos
37 Elken, M.L.
38 Erickson, Carl E.
39 Espeseth, Erick
40 Ferguson, Mose
41 Ferry, Mike
42 Finerty, Katherine
43 Fjelstad, Mathias E.
44 Forbes, Thomas R.
45 Foyen, Mrs. M.G.
46 Freeman, Thomas
47 Freeman, William
48 Froiland, Elling Johnson
1 Gannaw, Johanna Sullivan
2 Garreau, Pierre
3 Gerard, Frederick F.
4 Gilbreath, Martha Moses
5 Gilfillan, Joseph Alexander
6 Gingras, Antoine
7 Glaspell, Kate Eldridge
8 Gogin, John S.
9 Gooding, Walter C.
10 Grandin Brothers
11 Grassick, Dr. James
12 Greenland, Frithiof
13 Greenwood, Joseph
14 Griggs, Alexander
15 Grigsby, William E.
16 Groat, Mrs. K.S.
17 Gullicks, Clement
18 Gummer, Harry
19 Gummer, Morris
20 Hall, Charles Lemon
21 Hall, Edward
22 Halvorsen, Ingeborg Hanson
23 Hare, Joseph
24 Harmon, William
25 Harris, Thomas E.
26 Harris, Bjug A.
27 Hausman, John
28 Heath, Fannie Mahood
29 Heerman, Edward E.
30 Henderson, William
31 Heskin, Nels N.
32 Hobart, Charles H.
33 Holmes, D. M.
34 Houghton, Douglas J.
35 Houston, John Everett
36 Hovde, Ole O., Sr.
37 Howden, William
38 Huidekoper, A. C.
39 Hyatt, Moses
40 Inkster, George
41 Ives, L. C.
42 Jahr, Ole
43 Johnson, Andrew
44 Johnson, Ben
45 Johnson, Bertha Hanson
46 Johnson, Clarence D.
47 Johnson, Martin Nelson
48 Johnson, Mary Brosten
49 Johnson, William
1 Keeney, A.P.
2 Keiser, Henry
3 Keller, William Heinrich
4 Kelly, Luther Sage
5 King, Josias Redgato
6 Kirkeby, Mr. and Mrs. Iver
7 Knight, Godfrey
8 Kolstoe, Ole
9 Krogsgaard, Emil
10 Kuhn, John Phillip
11 Lambert, Frank
12 LaMoure, Judson
13 Langford, Samuel B.
14 Larivere, Louis
15 Larned, Horatio H.
16 Larned, Horatio H.
17 Laughlin, A. H.
18 Leach, John
19 Leonard, Arthur G.
20 Letraille, Louis
21 Light, Moses
22 Lillico, Andrew
23 Lounsberry, Clement A.
24 Lowell, Jacob
25 McCullogh, William Thomas
26 McHugh, Patrick
27 McKenzie, Alexander
28 McLean, Joseph
29 Macnie, John
30 McNutt, John
31 McNutt, Thomas Gilbert
32 McVetie, Thomas
1 Mager, John F.
2 Maloney, Mr. and Mrs. Hugh E.
3 Maresh, John
4 Marsh, Andrew
5 Marsh, Grant Prince
6 Mathews, Robert C.
7 Mauseth, N. O.
8 Mercer, John
9 Mergel, Henry
10 Miller, Philip
11 Mills, W.
12 Milne, John S.
13 Monson, Evan
14 Morgan, A. H.
15 Morgan, David E.
16 Morgan, John Tyler
17 Mountraille, Alexis
18 Mulhern, John B.
19 Myrick, Frank C.
20 Myron, H. P.
21 Nason, Ellen Rowell
22 Ogden, Katherine
23 Olsen, Ola
24 Olsen, Ole Nicholie
25 Otten, John
26 Overby, Ole P.
27 Palmer, Eliza Ludlow
28 Parenteau, Joseph
29 Pederson, Edward
30 Pennock Mrs. E. A.
31 Person, Jonas
32 Pfeifer, Frank J.
33 Phebus, Joseph
34 Pierce, A. J.
35 Pitts, William R.
36 Potterud, Albert
37 Qualey, John
38 Renville, Victor
39 Roberts, Jennie Balls Baldwin
40 Roberts, Margaret
41 Roberts, Mitchel
42 Robinson, W. H.
43 Rondeau, Mrs. Joseph
44 Rorvig, Ole
45 Ruger, Henry Hobart
46 Safford, Larkin S.
47 St. Pierre, Cyrille
48 Sanderson, Sander
49 Sarles, Elmore Yocum; Simonton, Jennie Stabler
50 Sinclair, James
51 Skagen, Margarite Olson
52 Skarnes, E. C.
53 Slaughter, Benjamin F.
54 Smith, Sam
55 Soliah, M. E.
56 Sperry, O. F.
57 Springen, K. G.
1 Standing Buffalo
2 Stevens, C. E.
3 Stewart, David
4 Stimmel, Smith
5 Stutsman, Enos
6 Sweeney, James
7 Sykes, Richard
8 Taylor, J. D.
9 Taylor, William
10 Thompson, Henry Peter
11 Thorn, O. E.
12 Traill, Walter J. S.
13 Tweed, Tollef
14 Van Ostrand, Ferdinand A.
15 Viets, Frank
16 Villeneuve, Francois
17 Villeneuve, Hyacinthe
18 Weidman, Henry
19 Wentworth, A. L.
20 Westergaard Family
21 Wibaux, Pierre
22 Williamson, Thomas S.
23 Wold, Peder Jenson
24 Woolner, Maria Jacobs
25 Worthing Family
26 Wright, Charles D.
27 Zahl, F. R.
28 Zahn, William P.
Research Materials: Census and Enumeration Records
30 Minnesota and Dakota Territory, 1850; 1860; 1865
31 Billings County, 1885
32 Traill County, 1885
33 Traill County, 1885
1 Cass County, n.d.
2 Grand Forks City, 1885
3 Morton County Homesteaders
4 Morton County Military Service Men, 1917-1918
5 Swedish Congregations in North Dakota
6 County Ethnic Maps
7 Riverside, ND (incomplete), 1908
Research Materials: Churches
8 Church Statistics, 1898
9 Bishop John Shanley Speech, 1908
10 Baptisms by Father Christian Hoecken, 1840
11 Jesuit Relations
12 History of the Park Congregational Church
13 Greek Orthodox Easter Service
14 German Lutheran Settlement in Pembina County
15 Norwegian Lutheran
16 Presbyterian Church Mission Reports, 1900-1902
17 Protestant Episcopal Missions and the Sioux War by Bishop Whipple, 1863
Research Materials: Cities and Counties
20 Devils Lake
23 Graham's Point
24 Grand Forks
28 Valley City
1 Bottineau County
2 Bowman County
3 Cavalier County
4 Dickey County
5 Grand Forks County
6 Nelson County
7 Oliver County
8 Pembina County
9 Ramsey County
10 Ransom County
11 Richland County
12 Traill County
13 Miscellaneous Counties
Research Materials: Civil War and World War I Correspondence
14 Chapman, Charles E., 1864-1865
15 Coon, David, 1864
16 Cowen, L. H., 1861-1863
17 Marshall, Henry G., 1862-1863 (original)
18 Marshall, Henry G., 1862-1863 (typescript)
1 Peirce, Thomas W., 1864 (original)
2 Peirce, Thomas W., 1865 (original)
3 Peirce, Thomas W., 1864-1865 (typescript)
4 Thompson, Thom, 1863-1864
5 Wright, Bonton R., 1862-1863
6 Miscellaneous, 1862; 1864
7 Helland, Jonas A., 1918
8 Helland, Hans A., 1918-1919
9 Nelson, Deborah A., 1918-1919
10 Sorvik, Paul, 1917-1919
11 Westley, Martin D., 1918-1919
12 Miscellaneous, 1918
Research Materials: Diaries and Journals
13 Bangs, J.E.
14 Corliss, Albert A., 1864
15 Corliss, Albert A., 1865
16 Dakin, Julia, 1852
17 Le Raye, Charles, 1801
18 Lykken, Frances Hamilton, n.d.
1 McLeod, Martin, 1836
2 Myers, Fred, 1863
3 Parsons, J.R., 1860
4 Reynolds, Charles, 1876
5 Ross, R.D., 1863
6 Spencer, Amasa Lewis, 1863
7 Truteau, Jean Baptiste, 1794-1795
8 Truteau, Jean Baptiste, 1794-1795
9 Turner, David, 1882
10 Van Ostrand, Ferdinand A., 1870-1872
11 Verendrye, 1738-1739
12 Wheaton, Lloyd, 1870
Research Materials: Fur Trade
13 Thomas Earl of Selkirk
14 Hudson's Bay Company
Research Materials: Indians
16 Benham, A. - Life with Indians
17 Densmore, Frances - Report of Work at Ft. Berthold, 1912
18 Fechet, Edmond Gustav - The Capture of Sitting Bull
1 Grassick, James - A Trek to "The Hill of The Little Dance," 1922
2 Gronau, Rudolf - A Journey to the Country of The Dakota Indians
3 Gronau, Rudolf - A Red Napoleon
4 Jarves, James - Indian Battle at Pembina in 1840
5 Jollie, James J. - Turtle Mountain Indian Troubles of 1889
6 Lewis, Theodore H. - Indian Villages Near Mandan
7 Powers, William H. - Early Visits to the Mandans
8 Salt, Wellington - Turtle Mountain Indian Troubles of 1889
9 Williams, Jessie L. - The Meeker Massacre
10 North American Indians
11 Chippewa Indians
12 Chippewa Legends by J. A. Gilfillan
13 Creeks and Cherokees
14 Hidatsa Indians
15 Mandan Indians
16 Welsh Indians
17 U.S. Volunteer Indian Scouts
18 The Story of Corn Silk
19 Fish Trap Story
20 Food of the Mandans
21 The Story of No Tongue
22 Story of Scorched Arrow Village
23 The Legend of Spiritwood Lake
24 Indian Treaty, 1825
25 Council at Ft. Berthold, 1911
26 Adoption of A. B. Welch by Sioux
27 Sitting Bull
28 Biesterfield Site, Ransom County
29 Indian Outbreak, Pembina, 1868-1869
30 White Earth Creek Site, Site #32MN2
31 Village Maps
Research Materials: Indian Vocabulary
Research Materials: Leeds, North Dakota - Card Index
Research Materials: Military Expeditions and Forts
1 Fisk Expedition, 1862-1866
2 Fisk Expedition, S. R. Bond - Journal, 1862
3 Fisk Expedition, William Dibbs - Journal, 1862-1864
4 Fisk Expedition, William Dibbs - Journal, 1862-1864 (typescript)
5 Lewis and Clark Expedition
6 Sibley Expedition, 1862
7 Sibley Expedition
8 Sibley Expedition - Gabriel Renville
9 Sully Expedition, 1863-1865
10 Sully Expedition, J.R. King
11 Sully Expedition - Fred Sanders
12 Expeditions - Miscellaneous
13 Fort Abercrombie
1 Fort Berthold
2 Fort Buford
3 Fort Clark
4 Fort McKeen
5 Fort Mandan
6 Fort Manuel Lisa
7 Fort Pembina
8 Fort Pierre
9 Fort Ransom
10 Fort Rice
11 Fort Seward
12 Fort Stevenson
13 Fort Totten
14 Fort Union
15 Fort Wadsworth
16 Forts - Miscellaneous
17 Little Big Horn - Peter Thompson
1 Little Big Horn - Arikara Narrative
2 Little Big Horn - Miscellaneous
Research Materials: Newspaper Clippings
Research Materials: Transportation
1 Steamer Benton Log, 1865
2 Steamer Ida Fulton Log, 1867
3 Steamer Robert Campbell Log, 1863
4 Steamer Scarred Wolf Log, 1868
5 Steamer W. J. Lewis Log, 1866
6 Steamers - Miscellaneous
Research Materials: Miscellaneous
8 Bismarck Tribune Articles
9 Butte St. Paul - Dedication Speeches, June 28, 1933
10 Columbia River Historical Expedition - Speeches
11 Declaration of Rights
Invitation to the Columbia River Historical Expedition, Chicago to Astoria, July 15-27, 1926
12 Fisher's Landing, Minnesota
13 Glaspell, Honorable S. L. - Resolution
14 Manifesto - Katherine II
15 People's Union Convention - Platform
16 Physical Geography and Geology
17 Prince Paul of Wurtemberg
18 River Exploration
19 "Shakespeare As An Interpreter of History"
20 "The Significance of the Red River Valley in American History."
21 "A Suggestion for a Memorial for the Soldiers and Sailors in The United States Service From North in the German War"
22 State Commercial Jealousy
23 Verendrye – four maps hand drawn based on Verendrye journal 1738 showing rivers, Indian villages and forts
24 Indian Map of North Dakota, hand drawn by Rev. Wellington Salt
25 Research Notes
26 Research Notes
27 Research Notes
28 Research Notes
1 Transcript of Notebook 1
2 Transcript of Notebook 5
3 Transcript of Notebook 10
4 Transcript of Notebook 13
5 Transcript of Notebook 32
6 Transcript of Notebook 33
7 Beede, Aaron McGaffey - Correspondence, Notes
8 Beede, Aaron McGaffey - Journal
9 Beede, Aaron McGaffey - "Ft. Douglas"
10 Beede, Aaron McGaffey - "The Man Soul"
11 Beede, Aaron McGaffey - "Old Indian History"
12 Beede, Aaron McGaffey - "The People's Folly"
13 Beede, Aaron McGaffey - "Sioux Victory Dance"
14 Beede, Aaron McGaffey - "Soo-Noo-Koo"
15 Beede, Aaron McGaffey - "Spicer Murder"
16 Beede, Aaron McGaffey - "The Story of Standing Rock"
17 Beede, Aaron McGaffey - "The Terrible Rat"
18 Beede, Aaron McGaffey - "The Story of the Trading Post"
1 Bell, Charles Napier - "Early Occupation by Fur Traders of the Upper Red River and Northern Minnesota"
2 Biggar, H. Howard - "A Toast to a Man of the Plains"
3 Butterfield Family - Correspondence, 1862, 1876-1881
4 Campbell, C. - Letter, 1833
5 Cathro, F. W. - "Retrospection"
6 Cavileer Family - Correspondence, 1841-1918
7 Cavileer Family - Correspondence, 1841-1918
8 Dakota Governors - Correspondence, 1862-1880
9 Davis, Florence H. - "A Sketch of Dakota's Capitols"
10 Durfee, E.H. - Letter, 1866
11 Fancher, Frederick B. - Papers, 1888-1898
12 Fish, Herbert C. - Papers, 1896
13 Fox, L. K. - Manuscript
14 Greeley, Horace - Letters, 1849, 1867
15 Heap, D. P. - Military Report, 1870
16 Jackson, Leroy F. - Correspondence, 1907-1908
17 Jackson, Leroy F. - Reminiscences of the Reverend John Robinson, 1907
18 Jackson, Leroy F.- The Reverend Samuel Pond Letters, 1839-1845
19 Jackson Leroy F. - Leonard and Harriet Wheeler Letters, 1843-1855
20 Jackson, Leroy F. - "Rev. Samuel Spats, 1815-1887"
21 Keiser, Henry - "Mennaparshu"
1 King, Samuel - Letter, 1899
2 Kittson, Norman - Letter, 1843
3 Kramer, Frederich - "Andersonville and Southern Hospitals"
4 Langdon Woman's Club
5 Lillo, Waldemar E. - "Polk County, Minnesota"
6 Loomis, F. H. - "Grand Forks Fortnightly Club"
7 Marcy, R. B. - Military Report, 1868
8 Marsh, Grant - Papers
9 Meinzer, Edgar G. - "History of North Dakota"
10 Merrifeild, Webster - Letter, 1904
11 Nash, W. C. - Reminiscences of Red River Valley History
12 Pioneer Club, Grand Forks - Records, 1900-1902
13 Pitezel - "Backwoods Life"
14 Porterville, Myrtle - "Boulder Serpent"
15 Riel, Louis David - Letter, 1885
16 Shimmin, Ellen J. - "A Study of the German Russians in Dickey County"
17 Sibley, Henry H. - Papers, 1843-1866
18 Sibley, Henry H. - Papers, 1843-1866
1 Stevenson, Don - Letter, 1896
2 Stevenson, William and Ellen - Letter, 1861
3 Talbert, Aztaline Brayton - Letters, 1856
4 Tanner, Jesse A. - Papers, 1906
5 Taylor, Joseph Henry - Correspondence, 1879-1908
6 Taylor, Joseph Henry - Miscellaneous
7 Van Ostrand, Ferd - Letters, 1870, 1873
8 Wright, Dana - Miscellaneous
9 Younger, Edward - "The Possessory Rights of the Hudson's Bay Company Within the
Territory of the United States, 1846-1871"
10 "Canadian Trouble Near Pembina in 1869"
11 "A Historical Sketch of the Great Northern Railway"
13 "North Dakota"
14 "The Relation of History in the University to That in the Secondary School"
15 Correspondence - Miscellaneous
16 Account Book
1 Account Book
OVERSIZE Day Book, 1897-1899
Series II. Grand Historian of the North Dakota Masonic Grand Lodge
2 Outgoing Correspondence, 1926-1942
3 Incoming Correspondence, 1928-1942
4 Note Book
5 Casselton Lodge No. 3
Series III. Professor of History at the University of North Dakota
7 Correspondence, 1908-1919
Series IV. Published Articles
8 North Dakota Quarterly XXIV-3 (Summer 1956) pp. 71-91
9 Newberry Library Bulletin Vol. 3 No. 2 (April 1953) pp. 46-49
10 "Shakespeare, the Playmaker"
11 Book Reviews
Series IV. Miscellaneous, Oversize Maps and Documents
1 Data on Black Hills Trail Stage Stations given by Otis Tye, Yucca, ND Nov 1930
2 Roosevelt Memorial Gate for cabin at Bismarck 1928
3 Hudson’s Bay Trading Posts in North Dakota 1934-1945
4 Fort Ransom: copies of letters establishing the military reservation 1869-1870; Copy of a
letter written by G. H. Crossman late Captain 10th Inf. Bvt. Major 1895; A Sketch of the Plan of Fort
Ransom planned and built under the direction of G. H. Grossman, late Capt. 10th Inf & Bat. Major
5 Fred F. Kislingbury Letters 1881-1884
6 Notes taken from O. G. Libby’s notebook 1904
7 Turtle Effigy 1931
8 Interview with Bull Neck by A. B. Stout and H. C. Fish 1908
9 Hill-Lewis Archaeological Survey in Minnesota Historical Society
10 “Making Records of Ancient Rituals of the Arikara Tribe in North Dakota,” Melvin Gilmore
11 Arikara Ceremonies 1921
12 Meaning of the word Dakota: a discussion of the word by Drs. Gilmore and Beede
13 Dakota Language geographical names Melvin Gilmore 1923
14 The Earth Lodge by Russell Reid
15 Game of Double-Fall as described by Arthur Mandan of Elbowoods
16 Use of the Ground Bean by Indians by Melvin Gilmore
17 Dakota Religious conception of Earth by Aaron McGaffey Beede 1921
18 Dakota Folklore of the Nighthawk by Melvin Gilmore
19 Song and Story of the Pasque Flower by Melvin Gilmore
20 Copper working by the men of the Dakota Nation 1920
21 The Chickadee by Melvin Gilmore
22 “Western Sioux Cosmology” and “Letters of the Ghost” by Aaron McGaffey Beede 1919
23 Meaning of Heart River, Knife River by Aaron McGaffey Beede 1922
24 Name of Little Heart Butte
25 Dakota Folklore of the Meadowlark 1922
26 Nature and Health
27 Origin of the Dakota Nation by Aaron McGaffey Beede 1920
28 Arikara Tribal Temple by Melvin Gilmore
29 Sacred Trees
30 Notes on Theology of the Dakota by Aaron McGaffey Beede
31 Times and Seasons of the Dakotas by Aaron McGaffey Beede 1922
32 Thunderbird by Aaron McGaffey Beede 1923
33 Legend of Standing Rock
34 Standing Rock
35 Song of the Omahas
36 Divisions of Sioux by Aaron McGaffey Beede 1923
37 Spelling of the name Sakakawea – C. L. Hall. Melvin Gilmore, US Geographic Board,
Russell Reid 1932, n.d.
38 The Sacred Bundles by George F. Will
39 Contents of the Arikara Sacred Bundle
40 Song of the Willow by Aaron McGaffey Beede 1921
41 How the Usefulness of Wild Rice was Discovered: a Chippewa Myth
42 Ark of the First Man E. C. Jacobsen 1933
43 One Year of My Life on the Frontier 1872-1873 by Henry Ward
44 Phillip Graham Reedy, M.D.
45 List of Officers and Enlisted Men killed in the Custer Battle of June 25, 1876
46 Letter from Mrs. H. C. Yund 1930 re: John M. Goss
47 History of Bowman County by Mrs. W. T. Mansell
48 List of Indian Survivors of the Battle of the Little Big Horn June 25, 1876
49 Discovery of the Site of Fort Mandan, winter quarters of Lewis and Clark 1804-1805
50 A Trip from Bismarck, N.D. to the Gold Mines in the Black Hills in 1876 by Henry Ward
51 Yankton Press and Dakotan Account of the Hanging of Brave Bear 1882
52 Brief Resume of Important Events in North Dakota’s History used for NBC Radio in Parade
of the States 1932
53 Early Life of Charley Reynolds by John E. and James G. Remsburg 1914-1915
54 Passenger Car Equipment Plans 1871
55 Model of Fort Union
56 Roosevelt’s Maltese Cross Ranch
57 Roosevelt’s Elkhorn Ranch
58 Dr. J. Lunell by C. A. Stevens 1938
59 Shells used as Knives by Aaron McGaffey Beede
60 Fool Bear Army Discharge (copy) 1873
61 Interview with Richard Archer 1926
62 To the Old Pioneers of Traill County by W. J. S. Traill 1931
63 Pioneers who witnessed opening of Old Capitol cornerstone 1931
64 Drawing: Sully’s old well July 25, 1864, Heart River, Capt. Tripp camp
65 Correspondence and documentation for items 10085-00080 (Plat of the site of Theodore Roosevelt's buildings at Elk Horn Ranch, by H.C. Knudsen) and 10085-00062 (Pictograph of Whitestone Hill), 1926 & n.d.
66 Miscellaneous maps and drawings, n.d.
67 Drafts of drawings of Indian Mounds in Grand Forks County, drawn for Libby by Alfred Boyd, 1934
MAP CASE DRAWER:
10085-00001 Map: As A.S. Spencer remembers Millville, drawn by H.C. Bailey, n.d.
10085-00002 Map: Transparency of Minnesota, 1830, copy of a map by Theodore A. Cowperthwaite, Philadelphia, prepared by or for O. G. Libby June 3, 1946
10085-00003 Map: Transparency of the Territory of Dakota, 1879, copy of a map by C. Roesler using Department of the Interior General Land Office information, prepared by or for O. G. Libby, June 3, 1946
10085-00004 Map: Transparency of a map of Minnesota, Cong. Ser. 1026, War Department Reproduction, prepared by or for O. G. Libby, June 3, 1946
10085-00005 Map: Minnesota, prepared by or for O. G. Libby, June 3, 1946
10085-00006 Invitation to the Columbia River Historical Expedition, Chicago to Astoria, July 15-27, 1926
10085-00007 Map of America, exhibiting the principal trading stations of the Northwest Company, transparency prepared by O. G. Libby, a copy of a map published in London in 1817 by Simon McGillivray
10085-00008 Map of the discovery of Verendrye; map of part of Lake Superior with the discovery of the river from the large port A until the barrier B... copied from the original by Rev. P. M. O'Leary, transparency prepared by or for O. G. Libby, June 3, 1946
10085-00009 Map: transparency showing North Dakota immigration, 1851-1890, manuscript map probably prepared under the direction of O. G. Libby
10085-00010 Map: U.S. Exploring Expeditions in Minn. and N.D., manuscript map probably prepared under the direction of O. G. Libby, June 3, 1946
10085-00011 Map of Missouri River near Montana line, manuscript map probably prepared under the direction of O. G. Libby
10085-00012 Map: Indians of North America: Chippewa, Hidatsa, Dakota, manuscript map probably prepared under the direction of O. G. Libby
10085-00013 Map: Indians of North Dakota in 1700, manuscript map probably prepared under the direction of O. G. Libby
10085-00014 Map: Indians of North Dakota in 1812, manuscript map probably prepared under the direction of O. G. Libby
10085-00015 Plat map: Odessa, Ramsey County (D.T.) Lake town site Co. Props. Odessa and Grand Forks D.T., ca. 1887
10085-00017 Maps of W-Bar Ranch, Pierre Wibaux, owner, shows location and plat of the ranch and floor plan of the ranch house
10085-00021 Map: Missouri River Indian Villages, manuscript map probably prepared under the direction of O. G. Libby
Folder 3: (EXTRA-LARGE: LOCATED ON ARCHIVES FIRST FLOOR)
10085-00016 Berthoud's Map of the Explorations of Verendrye, 1742-1743
10085-00018 Map of western North Dakota and eastern Montana, showing location of ranches, manuscript map probably prepared under the direction of O. G. Libby
10085-00019 Map: Old Fort Rice and old Fort Abraham Lincoln, manuscript map probably prepared under the direction of O. G. Libby
10085-00020 Map of the route of the expedition of Major S. H. Long, 1823, manuscript map probably prepared under the direction of O. G. Libby
10085-00025 Map of Verendrye's explorations in Manitoba/Minnesota/North Dakota, manuscript map probably prepared under the direction of O. G. Libby
10085-00029 Map of Indian tribes in Dakota Territory, 1750, manuscript map probably prepared under the direction of O. G. Libby
10085-00030 Map of Indian tribes in Dakota Territory, 1850, manuscript map probably prepared under the direction of O. G. Libby
10085-00031 Map of North Dakota showing trade routes and Indian villages, manuscript map probably prepared under the direction of O. G. Libby
10085-00032 Map of North Dakota showing mountains or high elevation areas, manuscript map probably prepared under the direction of O. G. Libby
10085-00033 Map of North Dakota with dates Lewis and Clark diary entries, manuscript map probably prepared under the direction of O. G. Libby
10085-00022 Map of Verendrye's explorations near Missouri River, manuscript map probably prepared under the direction of O. G. Libby
10085-00023 Map: North Dakota Indians and Forts, manuscript map probably prepared under the direction of O. G. Libby
10085-00024 Map: Indian tribes along the Assiniboine and St. Pierre Rivers, Canada (in French), manuscript map probably prepared under the direction of O. G. Libby
10085-00026 Hand-drawn manuscript map of Dakota Territory (1863-1882) and Wyoming Territory (1864)
10085-00027 Hand-drawn manuscript map of Dakota Territory (1861)
10085-00028 Hand-drawn manuscript map of Minnesota Territory (1849) and Nebraska Territory (1854)
10085-00034 Photocopy of a painting of Elkhorn Ranch by C. O. Miller, 1937
10085-00035 Map of the Trail of Lewis and Clark, 1804-1806, issued by American Pioneer Trails Association in connection with 1945 National Commemoration Honoring the Explorers of America
10085-00036 Hand-drawn map of the Menoken Indian Village
10085-00037 Hand-drawn map of Indian villages near Fort Mandan as observed by Lewis and Clark
Folder 6: (EXTRA-LARGE: LOCATED ON ARCHIVES FIRST FLOOR)
10085-00038 Map of North Dakota State Highway System showing Construction Status of Federal and State Aid Projects, prepared by ND State Highway Department, January 1, 1948
10085-00039 Hand-drawn map of North Dakota showing locations of fur trade posts
10085-00040 Hand-drawn architectural site plan of a Fort, probably Fort Buford, n.d.
10085-00041 Hand-drawn map of military posts and routes
10085-00042 Hand-drawn map of transportation routes in North Dakota
10085-00043 Hand-drawn map of Missouri Territory, n.d.
10085-00044 Hand-drawn map of ranches, forts and major farms, Dakota Territory, ca. 1880s
10085-00045 Hand-drawn map of Louisiana Purchase land
ROLLED MAPS (EXTRA-LARGE: LOCATED ON ARCHIVES FIRST FLOOR)
10085-00046 Indian map of North Dakota (copy)
10085-00047 Map: Outline of North America showing English, Spanish and French possessions, prepared by or for O. G. Libby June 3, 1946
10085-00048 Map: Original map of North America by Verendrye, prepared by or for O. G. Libby June 3, 1946
10085-00049 Map: Fort Berthold, 1868-1870, Fisk corral, prepared by or for O. G. Libby June 3, 1946
10085-00050 Map: Hudson Bay territories, prepared by or for O. G. Libby June 3, 1946
10085-00051 Map: Outline of North America showing English, Spanish and French possessions, 1754, prepared by or for O. G. Libby June 3, 1946
10085-00052 Abstract of title, NW 1/4 Section 7 Township 152 Range 57 Nelson County (D.T.), Eliza McAdam, 1883
10085-00053 Certificate: Dr. O. G. Libby served the U.S. Government in promoting the sale of Liberty Bonds, ca. 1940s
10085-00054 Certificate: Dr. O. G. Libby was elected a corresponding member of the Nebraska State Historical Society, 1910
10085-00055 Certificate: Dr. O. G. Libby was elected a corresponding member of the Minnesota Historical Society, 1908
10085-00056 Promissory note, Helge B. Rusten and Eliza McAdam, 1883
10085-00057 Satisfaction of mortgage, Eliza McAdam to Helge B. Rusten, Nelson County (D.T.), 1888
10085-00058 Indenture between Eliza McAdam and Helge B. Rusten, 1883
10085-00059 Chattel mortgage, Christen Torstenson Kjor to Peder Aslakson, Grand Forks County (D.T.), 1880
10085-00060 Certificate appointing Edmund Cavileer postmaster at Pembina (Pembina County, D.T.), September 8, 1888
10085-00061 Certificate appointing Sandford C. Cady postmaster at Grand Forks (Pembina County, D.T.), August 2, 1870
10085-00064 Hand-drawn map of Camp Diltz, drawn August 8, 1914
10085-00065 Copy of a hand-drawn map of the reservation around Fort Ransom (D.T.), surveyed October 1868
10085-00066 Hand-drawn map of the Sibley Trail in Barnes County (N.D.), July 1863, drawn by Dana Wright in July 1927
10085-00067 Hand-drawn map of Silver Lake Township, Section 6, Township 145, Range 72, Wells County (N.D.) showing historic Indian sites and markers, drawn with information provided by O. T. Bekkerus, Grand Forks (N.D.)
10085-00068 Hand-drawn map of Wells County (N.D.) showing historic Indian sites and markers, the Old Dawson and Old Bismarck Trails, and other historic sites, drawn with information provided by O.T. Bekkerus, Grand Forks (N.D.)
10085-00069 Hand-drawn map of sites of recovered Indian mounds
10085-00070 Hand-drawn map of sites of recovered Indian mounds
10085-00071 Hand-drawn map of Olgo battlefield (or Olga Battlefield)
10085-00072 Sectional map of Cavalier County (N.D.), published by Allert & Storlie, Langdon (N.D.), 1895
10085-00073 Map of the United States showing Federal Bird Refugees and Game Preserves as of November 1, 1927, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Bureau of Biological Survey
10085-00074 Map of the Chase Lake Reservation for Protection of Native Birds (N.D.) with the Executive Order signed by Theodore Roosevelt establishing the Reservation, August 28, 1908 (copy)
10085-00075 Map of Sullys Hill Park, National Game Preserve, near Devils Lake (N.D.) (copy)
10085-00076 Map of the Stump Lake Reservation for Protection of Native Birds (N.D.) with the Executive Order signed by Theodore Roosevelt establishing the Reservation, March 9, 1905 (copy)
10085-00077 Hand-drawn map of the Mounds and Earthworks of the Sourisford Region, Manitoba, drawn by W. B. Nickerson (includes extensive descriptive information on the back)
10085-00078 Hand-drawn illustration of a turtle effigy mound on Strandness farm, Jerusalem Hills, west of Larimore, Moraine Township
10085-00079 Sketch of the image on Writing Rock near Williston (N.D.), drawn October 30, 1920
10085-00080 Plat of the site of Theodore Roosevelt's buildings at Elk Horn Ranch, Billings County (N.D.), Surveyed June 1926 by H.C. Knudsen
10085-00081 Hand-drawn map of the reservation at Berthold (D.T.) that resulted from the Executive Order of April 12, 1870 showing land loss from the 1851 Treaty of Laramie (1851), drawn by Clarice Clemons
10085-00082 Map of North Dakota State Parks and Historic Sites under the Direction of State Park Committee of the State Historical Society of North Dakota
10085-00062 Indian pictograph of Whitestone Hill, showing how Sully's troops rode through the camp and how the Indians tried to escape. Blue-print copy possibly made from the original owned by Reverend A. McGuffey Beede, former Episcopal Missionary at Fort Yates
10085-00063 Unidentified American Indian pictograph (copy)
10085-00083 Territory of Dakota maps: changes in boundaries and areas (1861-1863), (1863-1864), (1864-1868), (1868-1882) and (1882-1889)
10085-00084 Map of the Linguistic Stocks of American Indians north of Mexico, by J. W. Powell
10085-00085 Map of the Red River Valley, compiled in 1901 by Brown, Treacy & Sperry Co., St. Paul (Minn.)
10085-00086 Overview Map of France for the Second Army (German), ca. 1917?
10085-00087 Hand-drawn map of Camp Diltz, drawn and described by Horatio H. Larned, March 2, 1921
612 East Boulevard Ave.
Bismarck, North Dakota 58505
State Museum and Store: 8 a.m. - 5 p.m. M-F; Sat. & Sun. 10 a.m. - 5 p.m.
We are closed New Year's Day, Easter, Thanksgiving Day, and Christmas Day.
State Archives: 8 a.m. - 4:30 p.m. M-F, except state holidays; 2nd Sat. of each month, 10 a.m. - 4:30 p.m.
State Historical Society offices: 8 a.m. - 5 p.m. M-F, except state holidays.