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Photographs - Collections - 0001-00050 - #00036

Title: James McLaughlin
               
Dates: ca. 1864-1962

Collection Number: 00036

Quantity: 149 items

Abstract: Portraits of James McLaughlin, the McLaughlin family, the Parkin and Van Solen families, various group images of delegations and other gatherings, scenes from the Standing Rock Agency, Fort Yates (N.D.), and across Dakota Territory, North Dakota, South Dakota, Oklahoma, and California.

Provenance: The collection was separated from the James McLaughlin Papers (MSS 10313), which were donated to the State Historical Society of North Dakota by Mrs. R. McLaughlin in January 1983. Items transferred to the collection in 1982 from the Museum Division of the SHSND.

Property Rights: The State Historical Society of North Dakota owns the property rights to this collection.
               
Copyrights: Copyrights to materials in this collection remain with the donor, publisher, author, or author's heirs.  Researchers should consult the 1976 Copyright Act, Public Law 94-553, Title 17, U.S. Code and an archivist at this repository if clarification of copyright requirements is needed.
               
Access: This collection is open under the rules and regulations of the State Historical Society of North Dakota.
               
Citation: Researchers are requested to cite the collection title, collection number, and the State Historical Society of North Dakota in all footnote and bibliographic references.       

Related Collections:       
MSS 10313 Major James McLaughlin Papers
MSS 80056 James  McLaughlin Commissions
                                               
BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH

Born on February 12, 1842, at Avonmore, Ontario, James McLaughlin moved to Minnesota in 1863 where the next year he married a Sioux mixed-blood, Marie Louise Buisson. He practiced his blacksmith trade and engaged in other business ventures until employed, July 1, 1871, by Major W. H. Forbes as the blacksmith and general overseer of the new Devils Lake Agency in Dakota.

In 1876 he became agent at Devils Lake and compiled such a record for progress and fairness that he was promoted in 1881, to the larger Sioux Agency at Standing Rock. Here his record as one of the finest agents in the country won him re-appointments in an age of short-term political appointees.

Though he is most widely known for his conflict with Sitting Bull, and the resulting death of the famous Indian on December 15, 1890, his best claim to fame rests on the great strides towards civilization made by the Indians under his guidance.

In 1895 he began his career as Inspector for the Indian Department and the Department of the Interior. Working continuously until his death on July 28, 1923, he became the greatest treaty-maker and trouble-shooter our government has ever employed. He negotiated scores of agreements on agencies spreading from New York to California and from Washington to Oklahoma.

He possibly knew more Indians that any other man alive, and he was so well liked by Indians all over the United States that when he wrote his recollections he published them (1910) under the appropriate title of My Friend the Indian.

PHOTOGRAPHS INVENTORY

00036-00001 Henry S. Parkin, Cannonball Ranch (N.D.) ca. 1890
00036-00002 Alma Parkin, Cannonball Ranch (N.D.) ca. 1900
00036-00003 Major James McLaughlin issuing patents to Indians shooting last arrow McLaughlin (S.D.),  ca. 1890
00036-00004 Captain Frederick W. Benteen, Bismarck (N.D.) ca. 1880
00036-00005 David F. Barry posing with Major James McLaughlin, Bismarck (N.D.) ca. 1890
00036-00006 Standing Rock Monument at Fort Yates (N.D.) ,  1911
00036-00007 Major James McLaughlin, Standing Rock Indian Reservation (N.D. and S.D.) ca. 1880
00036-00008 Charlie Reynolds, Gen. Custer's Scout, Dakota Territory ca. 1875
00036-00009 Major General Henry Hastings Sibley, Governor of Minnesota,  ca. 1860
00036-00010 Gabriel Gray Eagle, Standing Rock Indian Reservation (N.D. and S.D.) ca. 1910
00036-00011 Mrs. Spotted Horn Bull, Fort Yates (N.D.) ca. 1895
00036-00012 Dance circle at the McLaughlin train station, McLaughlin (S.D.) August 22, 1936
00036-00013 Anna McLaughlin and Mary Crowler (Kills Pretty Enemy), Standing Rock Indian Reservation (N.D. and S.D.)  March 1962
00036-00014 Robert "Buzz" Charles McLaughlin, Bismarck (N.D.) ca. 1906
00036-00015 Major James McLaughlin and wife Louise taken the year of their marriage 1864, Owatonna (Minn.) 1864
00036-00016 Three Fallas brothers bull-dog a steer, Lower Brule Indian Reservation (S.D.) ca. 1920
00036-00017 Charles McLaughlin, Fort Yates (N.D.) ca. 1890
00036-00018 Ada McLaughlin, Standing Rock Indian Reservation (N.D. and S.D.) ca. 1905
00036-00019 Rupert Sibley McLaughlin, St. Cloud (Minn.) ca. 1900
00036-00020 Mrs. Charging Thunder and horse travois at Standing Rock Agency, Fort Yates (N.D.),  04/17/1900
00036-00021 Mrs. Charging Thunder and horse travois at Standing Rock Agency, Fort Yates (N.D.),  ca. 1900
00036-00022 Alma Galpin Parkin and her niece Lucille Van Solen sit with three men and a dog, Cannonball Ranch (N.D.) ca. 1900
00036-00023 Leo C. Harmon, Fort Abraham Lincoln (N.D.) ca. 1885
00036-00024 Mrs. Alma Parkin, Cannonball Ranch (N.D.) ca. 1885
00036-00025 Charles Louis "Chaska" Parkin, Cannonball Ranch (N.D.) ca. 1917
00036-00026 Funeral gathering for Louise Picotte Van Solen at the Cannon Ball Ranch (N.D.),  1920
00036-00027 Louise Picotte DeGrey Van Solen's funeral cortège, Cannonball Ranch (N.D.) 1920
00036-00028 Mrs. Galpin Place, Fort Yates (N.D.) ca. 1890
00036-00029 Alma Jane Galpin Parkin, Chicago (Ill.) ca. 1885
00036-00030 Grandma Alma Parkin, ca. 1885
00036-00031 Young Crow gets ready for dancing, Fort Yates (N.D.) ca. 1910
00036-00032 Unidentified Indian in regalia with a silver topped cane, Fort Yates (N.D.) ca. 1900
00036-00033 Christina Two Bull, Crow Ghost, Mary Ironroads, Mandan (N.D.) ca. 1880
00036-00034 Low Dog, Bismarck (N.D.) ca. 1890
00036-00035 Young mother with her papoose, Iowa ca. 1885
00036-00036 Milan Torrey Harmon, Miles City (Mont.) ca. 1890
00036-00037 Mrs. Andrew Iron Road, and Mrs. Auntie Bob, Standing Rock Indian Reservation (N.D. and S.D.) ca. 1900
00036-00038 Mr. and Mrs. Iron Road, Cannon Ball (N.D.) ca. 1910
00036-00039 Postcard photo and note from Lucille Van Solen to Mrs. Sibbie McLaughlin, Fort Yates (N.D.) November 18, 1907
00036-00040 Major James McLaughlin and Choctaw Principal Chief Victor Locke with group of people, North Dakota ca. 1910
00036-00041 Major James McLaughlin poses with other men at Tuskahoma Train Station, Oklahoma ca. 1910
00036-00042 Mr. and Mrs. Two Bull, Standing Rock Indian Reservation (N.D. and S.D.) ca. 1925
00036-00043 Col. James McLaughlin surveying with Indians, California ca. 1901
00036-00044 Col. James McLaughlin in survey camp with Cupeno Indians, California ca. 1901
00036-00045 Mary Tasina Mani Crawler, "Moving Robe Woman,” Standing Rock Indian Reservation (N.D. and S.D.) ca. 1910
00036-00046 Rupert Sibley "Sib" McLaughlin and Frank Thompson, Fort Yates (N.D.) ca. 1890
00036-00047 Cyprian Buisson, Marie McLaughlin's brother, Wabasha County (Minn.) ca. 1870
00036-00048 Cemetery scene at the funeral of James McLaughlin, McLaughlin (S.D.) August 3, 1923
00036-00049 Major James McLaughlin's funeral, McLaughlin (S.D.) August 3, 1923
00036-00050 Henry Hastings Sibley, Minnesota ca. 1865
00036-00051 Sioux Indian Warriors, McLaughlin (S.D.) September 7, 1922
00036-00052 Charles McLaughlin and Col. James McLaughlin, ca. 1915
00036-00053 Victor Locke, Principal Chief of the Choctaw Nation with Col. McLaughlin and others, Oklahoma ca. 1910
00036-00054 Bishop John Baptist Vincent de Paul Wehrle, OSB, confirming young girls, Bismarck (N.D.) ca. 1900
00036-00055 Mrs. Jim Hourigan, Standing Rock Sioux, Standing Rock Indian Reservation (N.D. and S.D.)  Oct. 1915
00036-00056 Inspector E. B. German and Major James McLaughlin with others, California April 2, 1919
00036-00057 Uncle Sib's (Rupert Sibley McLaughlin) ranch, South Dakota June 25, 1915
00036-00058 The Flandreau Indian Boarding School, South Dakota, ca. 1910
00036-00059 Major James McLaughlin and Paddy Finn, Standing Rock Indian Reservation (N.D. and S.D.) ca. 1900
00036-00060 Marie McLaughlin and a group of women, Standing Rock Indian Reservation (N.D. and S.D.) ca. 1923
00036-00061 Major James McLaughlin and his friend D. F. Barry, Bismarck (N.D.) ca. 1890
00036-00062 Sioux Indians dancing, McLaughlin (S.D.) ca. 1910
00036-00063 Mary Graham Buisson, Marie McLaughlin's mother, Minnesota ca. 1880
00036-00064 Portrait of Joe Goudeau, Louie Agard, Jack McCrory, and Jake Houser, Bismarck (N.D.) ca. 1886
00036-00065 Charley McLaughlin, Sibley McLaughlin, Harry McLaughlin, Jack McLaughlin, Standing Rock Indian Reservation (N.D. and S.D.) ca. 1895
00036-00066 Mrs. James (Marie) McLaughlin and grandson, Little Ray Lyon, Bismarck (N.D.) ca. 1900
00036-00067 Col. James McLaughlin surveying cliff dwelling site, Colorado ca. 1910
00036-00068 Cliff dwelling site, Colorado ca. 1910
00036-00069 Marie McLaughlin, son Buzz and other children, North Dakota 1870
00036-00070 McLaughlin boys and friends on an outing, Standing Rock Indian Reservation (N.D. and S.D.) ca. 1890
00036-00071 Crowd at the church, Standing Rock Indian Reservation (N.D. and S.D.) ca. 1930
00036-00072 Indian woman, ca. 1895
00036-00073 Charles Cyprian McLaughlin, Standing Rock Indian Reservation (N.D. and S.D.) ca. 1895
00036-00074 Family portrait, ca. 1875
00036-00075 Indian posing on horseback, ca. 1905
00036-00076 Men and women outside of a church, ca. 1920
00036-00077 Honor-guard from Major McLaughlin's funeral, Standing Rock Indian Reservation (N.D. and S.D.) 8/3/1923
00036-00078 Kilted bagpipers at Major McLaughlin's funeral, Standing Rock Indian Reservation (N.D. and S.D.) 8/3/1923
00036-00079 Major James McLaughlin with an interviewer, ca. 1920
00036-00080 Newspaper photograph of James McLaughlin, ca. 1880
00036-00081 Major James McLaughlin, ca. 1915
00036-00082 Major James McLaughlin and three other men, ca. 1915
00036-00083 James McLaughlin with large group of settlers and Indians, ca. 1910
00036-00084 Major James McLaughlin and two men, possibly brothers, ca. 1900
00036-00085 Two young women, ca. 1945
00036-00086 Smee's home, Cannon Ball (N.D.) ca. 1900
00036-00087 Inspector James McLaughlin with an apple tree, ca. 1920
00036-00088 Tipi and log cabin encampment, Standing Rock Indian Reservation (N.D. and S.D.) ca. 1880
00036-00089 Marie McLaughlin with two of her children and several other children, Standing Rock Indian Reservation (N.D. and S.D.) ca. 1870
00036-00090 Major James McLaughlin and an visitor, ca. 1920
00036-00091 Major James McLaughlin's burial McLaughlin (S.D.), 1923
00036-00092 Waiting for the train in Tuskahoma, Oklahoma ca. 1910
00036-00093 Crowd gathered near a church, Standing Rock Indian Reservation (N.D. and S.D.) ca. 1923
00036-00094 Mother Scholastica and Sister Julia of the St. Benedict Academy, Minnesota ca. 1885
00036-00095 Sioux Indian Sun Dance scene, Little Eagle (S.D.) August 22, 1936
00036-00096 Sioux Indian Sun Dance, Little Eagle (S.D.) August 22, 1936
00036-00097 Mother St. Anthony, Minnesota June 16, 1892
00036-00098 Mother St. Anthony, Minnesota ca. 1890
00036-00099 Lucille Van Solen as a toddler, Fort Yates (N.D.) 1882
00036-00100 Lucille Van Solen poses with her doll, Fort Yates (N.D.) 1884
00036-00101 Lucille Van Solen at seven years-old, Fort Yates (N.D.) 1887
00036-00102 Lucille Van Solen or "Ampaiyosawin,” Fort Yates (N.D.) 1917
00036-00103 Casket and floral offerings at the James McLaughlin funeral, McLaughlin (S.D.) August 3, 1923
00036-00104 McLaughlin family headstones, McLaughlin (S.D.) August 3, 1923
00036-00105 Floral arrangements at James McLaughlin's grave, McLaughlin (S.D.) August 3, 1923
00036-00106 McLaughlin funeral wreaths at the church, McLaughlin (S.D.) August 3, 1923
00036-00107 Kills Pretty Enemy on her porch, Standing Rock Indian Reservation (N.D. and S.D.)  March 1962
00036-00108 Kills Pretty Enemy on her porch in a coat, Standing Rock Indian Reservation (N.D. and S.D.)  March 1962
00036-00109 Indian Sisters, Fort Yates (N.D.) ca. 1900
00036-00110 Standing Rock Agency, Fort Yates (N.D.), ca. 1890
00036-00111 George Faribault, Fort Yates (N.D.) ca. 1880
00036-00112 Members of the McLaughlin family on the front porch, Standing Rock Indian Reservation (N.D. and S.D.) ca. 1903
00036-00113 Rupert Sibley McLaughlin's Store, McLaughlin (S.D.) 1910
00036-00114 McLaughlin family pose on the porch, Fort Yates (N.D.) ca. 1910
00036-00115 Carnival parade in McLaughlin (S.D.), 1910
00036-00116 Fort Yates (N.D.) in winter, ca. 1910
00036-00117 Chaska Parkin's Birthday with Fort Yates Band, Cannon Ball (N.D.) 1887
00036-00118 Cowboys surround a cow on the Standing Rock Agency, Fort Yates (N.D.), ca. 1900
00036-00119 Baby Robert Charles McLaughlin, Bismarck (N.D.) 1905
00036-00120 Jim and Goo Goo McLaughlin, Fort Yates (N.D.) ca. 1898
00036-00121 Baby Joseph McLaughlin, Fort Yates (N.D.) ca. 1997
00036-00122 Masquerade Ball at Fort Yates (N.D.), 1892
00036-00123 Lucille Van Solen in her graduation dress, 1901
00036-00124 Sib McLaughlin with fellow students at St. Johns Academy in St. Cloud (Minn.), ca. 1900
00036-00125 Group of men including I. P. Baker, D. F. Barry, Red Tomahawk, E. C. Witzleben, A. C. Wells, Rev. Reed, Fort Yates (N.D.) ca. 1910
00036-00126 Mr. Witzleben and Mrs. Witzleben, Brother Baldwin and Mrs. Marie McLaughlin on the porch, Fort Yates (N.D.) ca. 1890
00036-00127 R. S. (Sib) McLaughlin and Jack Carignan on a horse-drawn sled, Standing Rock Indian Reservation (N.D. and S.D.) ca. 1905
00036-00128 Beef killing day on the Standing Rock Indian Reservation, Fort Yates (N.D.) 1887
00036-00129 Sioux Indians preparing to travel, Standing Rock Indian Reservation (N.D. and S.D.) ca. 1880
00036-00130 Sioux Indian home near Elk Horn Butte, Little Eagle (S.D.) 1888
00036-00131 One Bull, his wife and child at their Grand River (D.T.) home, 1890
00036-00132 U. S. Indian Police at the Standing Rock Indian Reservation, Fort Yates (N.D.) ca.1890
00036-00133 Reno Hill at the 10 year anniversary of the Battle of the Little Bighorn, June 25, 1886
00036-00134 Captain E.G. Fechet of the 8th Cavalry, Bismarck (N.D.) ca. 1890
00036-00135 The Custer monument at the site of the Battle of the Little Bighorn,  June 25, 1886
00036-00136 Camp at the Little Big Horn Battlefield during the 10th Anniversary Commemoration,  June 25, 1886
00036-00137 R. C. McLaughlin, Bismarck (N.D.) ca. 1906
00036-00138 Gov. Elmore Sarles, Dr. Charles A. Eastman, Superintendent Derrick and others at the Standing Rock monument, Fort Yates (N.D.) ca. 1906
00036-00139 Major & Mrs. James McLaughlin and family, Standing Rock Indian Reservation (N.D. and S.D.) ca.1910
00036-00140 Major James and Marie McLaughlin in a wagon with others, Fort Yates (N.D.) ca. 1895
00036-00141 Three boys on horseback , Fort Yates (N.D.) ca. 1890
00036-00142 Major James McLaughlin, Standing Rock Indian Reservation (N.D. and S.D.) ca. 1920
00036-00143 Major James McLaughlin with two unidentified men by a table with official papers and arrows,  ca. 1915
00036-00144 Crow Foot, Dakota Territory ca. 1885
00036-00145 Major James McLaughlin and an Indian Delegation to Washington (D.C.),  ca. 1890
00036-00146 Standing Rock Reservation Agent Major McLaughlin and his staff, Standing Rock Indian Reservation (N.D. and S.D.) ca. 1883
00036-00147 Indian artifacts collected by Mrs. James (Marie) McLaughlin, Standing Rock Indian Reservation (N.D. and S.D.) 1891
00036-00148 Major James McLaughlin, Standing Rock Indian Reservation (N.D. and S.D.) ca. 1900
00036-00149 Indians on horses, Montana ca. 1890

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